TABLE 3

Influenza-Specific Testing, Discharge Diagnosis, and Treatment Among Children With Laboratory-Confirmed Influenza by Age Group and Setting Over 5 Influenza Seasons (November–April)

Total<6 months6 months–<2 y2–<5 yP Value
Inpatient
 No. of observations199966934
 Influenza testing58%67%46%56%.03a
 Discharge diagnosis35%48%23%24%.001a
 Antiviral treatment1.5%1.2%3.2%0.0%.46
Outpatient (ED or clinic)
 No. of observations61652253311
 Influenza testing7%12%6%7%.29
 Discharge diagnosis7%8%5%8%.33
 Antiviral treatment0.5%0.0%0.8%0.3%.63
  • a P value of <.05 represents heterogeneity of that outcome by age group for that setting.