TABLE 1

Knowledge, B&M Skills Performance, and OSCE Assessments

Initial Training SessionRefresher Training SessionInitial vs Refresher
PrePostPrePost
%n%nP%n%nPP
Percent passed
 Knowledge assessment46.159988.6599<.00169.322890.4228≤.001
 B&M skills performance57.659968.0228.006
 OSCE station A89.659998.2228≤0.001
 OSCE station B77.359985.5227.009
Initial Training SessionRefresher Training SessionInitial vs Refresher
mean ± SDnmean ± SDnPmean ± SDnmean ± SDnP
Mean scores
 Knowledge assessment17.93 ± 3.2459921.23 ± 2.25599≤.00119.45 ± 3.1622821.36 ± 2.40228≤.001
 B&M skills performance (maximum score = 12)11.14 ± 1.3359911.52 ± 0.87228≤.001
 OSCE station A (maximum score = 3)2.88 ± 0.355992.98 ± 0.13225≤.001
 OSCE station B (maximum score = 9)8.57 ± 1.035998.78 ± 0.67227≤.001