TABLE 4

Birth Outcomes

Pre (n = 4187)Post (n = 5411)P
% or mean ± SDn% or mean ± SDn
SB3.01242.3123.035
 Fresh SB1.7700.949≤.001
 Macerated1.3541.474.95
Infant not breathing at birth6.62788.7472≤.001
Liveborn infants not breathing at birtha3.91596.7354≤.001
Liveborn infants not breathing at birth who were breathing atb
 1 min66.010574.3266.06
 5 min92.514794.4334.41
 10 min98.115697.5345.65
 Unknown1.932.59.65
Apgar Scores in livebirthsc
 1 min8.67±1.5640638.55±1.445288≤.001
 1 min <52.2901.895.15
 5 min9.44±1.0740639.36±1.075288≤.001
 5 min <50.6230.318.10
 10 min9.73±0.8140639.65±0.725288≤.001
 10 min <50.4160.2125.14
Predischarge neonatal deathc0.130.13.75
Predischarge cause of deathd
 Birth asphyxia (IHEs)0.13
 Preterm/Low birth weight0.13
Neonatal death (through 28 d)a1.8731.9103.59
Neonatal status unknown at 28 d13.956415.9842.007
Neonatal cause of deathe.48
 Birth asphyxia (IHEs)30.12228.229
 Preterm/Low birth weight47.93542.744
 Infection6.6513.614
 Congenital malformation2.725.86
 Other12.399.710
  • a Denominator is livebirths: n Pre = 4063, n Post = 5288.

  • b Denominator is livebirths not breathing at birth: n Pre = 159, n Post = 354.

  • c Denominator is livebirths cases requiring resuscitation: n Pre = 1200, n Post = 635.

  • d Denominator is predischarge deaths: n Pre = 3, n Post = 3.

  • e Denominator is neonatal deaths: n Pre = 73, n Post = 103.