TABLE 3

Standard Scores From the VABS-II (Mean = 100; SD = 15) by Sleep Group and Analysis Results

VinelandAge CategoryGood Sleepers (CSHQ <41),Mean (SE)Mild Sleep Problems (CSHQ = 41–55),Mean (SE)Moderate-Severe Sleep Problems (CSHQ >55),Mean (SE)P
CommunicationOverall81.47 (0.81)78.56 (0.67)a76.84 (0.90)a<.0001
Age 4–583.09 (1.29)79.08 (1.09)a77.60 (1.41)a.0003
Age 6–1080.12 (1.01)78.04 (0.84)76.27 (1.16)a.0092
Daily living skillsOverall80.71 (0.86)79.50 (0.71)76.45 (0.96)a,b.0002
Age 4–581.77 (1.36)79.69 (1.14)76.82 (1.48)a.0058
Age 6–1079.85 (1.13)79.29 (0.93)76.24 (1.29).0343
SocializationOverall74.40 (0.75)72.45 (0.62)a71.01 (0.83)a.0007
Age 4–574.25 (1.17)72.84 (0.99)72.58 (1.27).3397
Age 6–1074.51 (0.99)71.96 (0.82)a69.26 (1.153)a.0002
Adaptive behavior composite scoreOverall77.04 (0.66)75.17 (0.55)a73.12 (0.74)a,b<.0001
Age 4–577.80 (1.09)75.61 (0.92)73.87 (1.19)a.0056
Age 6–1076.45 (0.82)74.73 (0.68)72.50 (0.94)a.0009
  • The overall models were adjusted to all covariates including age.

  • a P value < .01 (good compared with either mild or moderate to severe).

  • b P value < .01 (mild compared with moderate to severe).