TABLE 1

Neuropsychological Tests and Descriptions

DomainAssessmentDescription
LanguageClinical Evaluation of Language FundamentalsThe child completes 3 subtests assessing expressive language and 3 assessing receptive language. Receptive tests involve listening to statements and selecting visually presented options, choosing pictures of geometric shapes in response to oral direction, and choosing 2 out of 3 or 4 orally presented words that are associated. Expressive tests include generating a sentence given a word and picture stimulus, composing intact sentences from visually and orally presented words, and repeating orally presented sentences.
Peabody Picture Vocabulary TestThe examiner says a word and the child must choose the corresponding object from a group of 4 pictures. Items increase in difficulty.
CognitionRaven’s Colored Progressive MatricesThe child completes a multiple-choice paper test that consists of pictures that require the matching of visual patterns ranging from obvious to complex and abstract. The test is language free.
Symbol Digit Modality TestSymbols are printed next to numbers as a reference, and the child is required to evaluate another group of symbols and write down the corresponding numbers. The test can also be administered in an oral version with the child replying verbally.
BehaviorChild Behavior ChecklistThis is a 118-item questionnaire that is completed by the parent that evaluates behavioral problems according to 8 syndrome scales. Withdrawn, anxious/depressed, and somatic complaints are grouped and scored as internalizing problems. Delinquent behavior and aggressive behavior are grouped as externalizing problems. Social problems, attention problems, and thought problems are also evaluated and expressed in the total score.
Motor functionMcCarron Assessment of Neuromuscular DevelopmentA standardized test of motor skills comprising 5 fine motor skill tests, such as picking up and moving beads, rapid controlled tapping of the fingers, as well as 5 gross motor skill tests, such as jumping, hand strength, and standing on 1 foot. The individual scores are used to determine an overall Neuromuscular Development Index (NDI) score.