On November 20, 1989, in an historic action, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted a treaty statement labeled "The Convention on the Rights of the Child." It was ratified within 4 months by the required 20 countries to give it treaty status. The American Academy of Pediatrics endorsed it promptly, but it has yet to be ratified by the appropriate governmental body in the United States—the Senate. The United States (US) is the only Western democracy not to have signed; to date over 157 countries worldwide have adopted the Convention—only 30 have not. To understand the reasons why the US has abstained requires outlining some of the major points of the treaty, particularly those that have been the basis for the US inaction.
- Received June 1, 1994.
- Accepted June 1, 1994.
- Copyright © 1994 by the American Academy of Pediatrics