Rather than using home phototherapy (HP), many pediatricians admit neonates to the hospital for the treatment of unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. This study investigates the concerns and experiences of pediatricians related to HP use. A questionnaire was sent to 150 pediatricians in the Philadelphia, PA, area and 94 returned questionnaires. Of the responders, 30 of 94 had used HP. Twenty-nine users and 62 of 64 nonusers answered detailed questions regarding HP. Few practitioners follow American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines in selection of HP candidates. Among 29 pediatricians, prematurity (7), Rh incompatibility (13), positive direct Coombs (21), and ABO incompatibility (22) were not considered contraindications, although the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends all as contraindications. Almost all (29/30) HP users identified at least one problem with home treatment. The most commonly reported problems were parental anxiety, blood testing difficulties, and reimbursement issues. Nonusers (62) were asked their reasons for not using HP. The most common replies related to concerns about noncompliance (25), medical-legal issues (23), and administrative difficulties (22), none of which were cited as problems by HP users.
- Received March 3, 1992.
- Accepted June 29, 1992.
- Copyright © 1993 by the American Academy of Pediatrics