The effect of ceftriaxone on bilirubin-albumin binding was measured in vitro using the peroxidase method with human serum albumin and a dialysis rate method with adult and newborn serum. Ceftriaxone competes with bilirubin for binding to human serum albumin; the displacement constant is 1.5 x 104 L/mol. Therapeutic levels of ceftriaxone decrease the reserve albumin concentration in newborn serum by 39%. These results indicate that ceftriaxone may increase the risk of bilirubin encephalopathy in jaundiced premature infants.
- Received October 22, 1986.
- Accepted February 23, 1987.
- Copyright © 1987 by the American Academy of Pediatrics