Forty of 82 patients with recurrent pneumonias and/or clinical asthma were found to have gastroesophageal reflux (GER) by the criteria of two or more of five tests positive for GER. Of 36 patients with GER followed for response to therapy, 32 patients attempted medical therapy and four had fundoplications. Ten of 32 (31%) patients on medical therapy had improvement in symptoms but none became asymptomatic. Twenty patients who failed a trial of medical therapy also had fundoplications for a total of 24 patients surgically treated. Of these, 22 (92%) had improvement or became asymptomatic. All seven patients with diagnosed GER and recurrent pneumonias responded to medical antireflux management or fundoplication. GER is an important treatable cause of recurrent pneumonias and/or chronic asthma in children.
- Received May 20, 1980.
- Accepted November 12, 1980.
- Copyright © 1981 by the American Academy of Pediatrics