Thirty-nine patients with the velo-cardiofacial syndrome are described in order to further delineate this probably common recurrent pattern congenital malformation syndrome. Frequent features include cleft palate, cardiac anomalies, typical facies, and learning disabilities. Less frequent findings include microcephaly, mental retardation, small stature, slender hands and digits, minor auricular anomalies, and inguinal hernia. The Robin malformation sequence was found in four patients. The congenital heart anomalies most frequently involved a ventricular septal defect, with or without a right-sided aortic arch. There were four instances of familial transmission in the sample population. These included two cases of maternal transmission of the syndrome to daughters, one case of maternal transmission to a son, and one case of maternal transmission to both a son and daughter. There was no particular difference in expression between male and female patients so that even though X-linked dominant transmission is possible, the velo-cardio-facial syndrome is likely to be an autosomal dominant recurrent pattern syndrome.
- Received March 3, 1980.
- Accepted April 23, 1980.
- Copyright © 1981 by the American Academy of Pediatrics