Kwashiorkor, with typical edema and skin rash is occasionally seen in affluent countries as a result of severe protein restriction. Treatment is with a lactose-free formula after rehydration and sometimes after a period of parenteral alimentation. Complications of therapy included: diarrhea, congestive heart failure, infections, a bleeding tendency, and seizures. Two of the 14 children in this series died.
- Received December 3, 1979.
- Accepted March 24, 1980.
- Copyright © 1980 by the American Academy of Pediatrics