One hundred four patients with 124 episodes of urinary tract infection were studied. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) was determined on diagnosis of each patient. Children with a CRP equal to or greater than 30 µg/ml (CRP-pos) differed significantly from those with values less than 30 µ/ml (CRP-neg) in age, clinical presentation, K type of Escherichia coli causing disease, frequency or radiographic abnormalities, and presence of antibody coating of bacteria in the urinary sediment. E coli K1 strains caused disease significantly more often in CRP-pos than in CRP-neg patients, and children with K1 infections were younger than those with non-K1 infections. The antibody-coated bacteria test was neither sensitive nor specific for localization of infection in pediatric patients. Determination of K1 antibody concentrations in serum and urine of E coli K1-infected children provided data supporting the measurement of CRP as one means of localizing urinary tract infections. Patients with CRP-neg infections were treated as successfully with four days of antimicrobial therapy as with ten days.
- Received June 21, 1978.
- Accepted July 31, 1978.
- Copyright © 1979 by the American Academy of Pediatrics