From November 1974 through December 1975 a study was made of all reported cases of gonorrhea in children under 10 years of age in Tennessee. Clinical manifestations of the 73 subjects identified included vaginal infection (48), urethritis (11), conjunctivitis (8), and ophthalmia neonatorum (6). A total of 203 relatives and associates of 54 subjects was cultured. Fifty-four (27%) had gonorrhea; 43 of these were relatives. A history of sexual contact was found in 18 children, including seven where the contact had a positive culture for Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Sexual transmission was common in children with vaginitis or urethritis. In nine cases, sexual abuse or child neglect was suspected. The recognition of a child with gonococcal infection identifies a cluster of family members and associates who are at increased risk of having gonorrhea.
- Received December 27, 1976.
- Accepted February 22, 1977.
- Copyright © 1977 by the American Academy of Pediatrics