September 2019, VOLUME 144 / ISSUE 3
Table of Contents
- Open AccessCannabis Concentrate Use in AdolescentsMadeline H. Meier, Meagan Docherty, Scott J. Leischow, Kevin J. Grimm, Dustin PardiniPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20190338; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0338
We examined cannabis concentrate use in ∼50 000 adolescents and identified correlates that distinguished cannabis nonusers, cannabis users who did not use concentrates, and concentrate users.
- Open AccessParenteral Antibiotic Therapy Duration in Young Infants With Bacteremic Urinary Tract InfectionsSanyukta Desai, Paul L. Aronson, Veronika Shabanova, Mark I. Neuman, Frances Balamuth, Christopher M. Pruitt, Adrienne G. DePorre, Lise E. Nigrovic, Sahar N. Rooholamini, Marie E. Wang, Richard D. Marble, Derek J. Williams, Laura Sartori, Rianna C. Leazer, Christine Mitchell, Samir S. Shah, ON BEHALF OF THE FEBRILE YOUNG INFANT RESEARCH COLLABORATIVEPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20183844; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3844
In this multicenter study of young infants with bacteremic UTI, duration of parenteral antibiotics was not associated with rates of UTI recurrence or hospital reutilization.
- Open AccessTesting for Meningitis in Febrile Well-Appearing Young Infants With a Positive UrinalysisMarie E. Wang, Eric A. Biondi, Russell J. McCulloh, Matthew D. Garber, Beth C. Natt, Brian P. Lucas, Alan R. SchroederPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20183979; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3979
In this study, we examine CSF testing in febrile young infants with a positive urinalysis and the probability of delayed meningitis if treated without lumbar puncture.
- Open AccessElectronic Nicotine Delivery Systems Marketing and Initiation Among Youth and Young AdultsAlexandra Loukas, Ellen M. Paddock, Xiaoyin Li, Melissa B. Harrell, Keryn E. Pasch, Cheryl L. PerryPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20183601; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3601
In this study, we examine if ENDS product marketing predicts subsequent ENDS initiation among youth and young adults using 2.5 years of data from 2 longitudinal cohorts.
- Open AccessPatient Satisfaction and Antibiotic Prescribing for Respiratory Infections by TelemedicineCharles B. Foster, Kathryn A. Martinez, Camille Sabella, Gregory P. Weaver, Michael B. RothbergPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20190844; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0844
During pediatric telemedicine encounters for respiratory infection, antibiotics are prescribed frequently, and their use correlates with visit satisfaction. Antimicrobial stewardship efforts are indicated.
- Open AccessPrednisolone Versus Dexamethasone for Croup: a Randomized Controlled TrialColin M. Parker, Matthew N. CooperPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20183772; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3772
We investigated the acute response and re-attendance rates for 3 different oral steroid regimes commonly used to treat croup.
- Open AccessRacial and Ethnic Differences Over Time in Outcomes of Infants Born Less Than 30 Weeks’ GestationNansi S. Boghossian, Marco Geraci, Scott A. Lorch, Ciaran S. Phibbs, Erika M. Edwards, Jeffrey D. HorbarPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20191106; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-1106
Among infants <30 weeks’ gestation, in-hospital adverse outcomes among minority infants have improved, but several were still elevated by the end of the study period.
- Open AccessEarly Childhood Vaccination Status of Preterm InfantsAnnika M. Hofstetter, Elizabeth N. Jacobson, M. Patricia deHart, Janet A. EnglundPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20183520; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3520
In this retrospective study, we used EHR and immunization information system data to compare early childhood vaccination of preterm and term/postterm infants born between 2008 and 2013.
- Open AccessFertility Preservation Outcomes in Adolescent and Young Adult Feminizing Transgender PatientsEmily P. Barnard, Cherie Priya Dhar, Stephanie S. Rothenberg, Marie N. Menke, Selma F. Witchel, Gerald T. Montano, Kyle E. Orwig, Hanna Valli-PulaskiPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20183943; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3943
Semen cryopreservation is feasible for fertility preservation in feminizing AYAs; however, management of feminizing therapies before collection requires further investigation.
- Open AccessEmergency Department Pediatric Readiness and Mortality in Critically Ill ChildrenStefanie G. Ames, Billie S. Davis, Jennifer R. Marin, Ericka L. Fink, Lenora M. Olson, Marianne Gausche-Hill, Jeremy M. KahnPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20190568; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0568
This study evaluates the impact of ED pediatric readiness on the mortality of critically ill children who initially present to an ED.
- Open AccessAdvancing the Agenda in Pediatric Mental Health EducationCori Green, John T. Walkup, Susan Bostwick, William TrochimPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20182596; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2596
This multistakeholder analysis provides a complete set of ideas, represented visually as a concept map, to improve MH education in pediatric training programs.
- Open AccessDelivery Room Continuous Positive Airway Pressure and PneumothoraxWilliam Smithhart, Myra H. Wyckoff, Vishal Kapadia, Mambarambath Jaleel, Venkatakrishna Kakkilaya, L. Steven Brown, David B. Nelson, Luc P. BrionPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20190756; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0756
In neonates with GA of 35 to 42 weeks, DR-CPAP was associated with pneumothorax, especially in infants receiving 21% oxygen.
- Open AccessA Treatment-Decision Score for HIV-Infected Children With Suspected TuberculosisOlivier Marcy, Laurence Borand, Vibol Ung, Philippe Msellati, Mathurin Tejiokem, Khanh Truong Huu, Viet Do Chau, Duong Ngoc Tran, Francis Ateba-Ndongo, Suzie Tetang-Ndiang, Boubacar Nacro, Bintou Sanogo, Leakhena Neou, Sophie Goyet, Bunnet Dim, Polidy Pean, Catherine Quillet, Isabelle Fournier, Laureline Berteloot, Guislaine Carcelain, Sylvain Godreuil, Stéphane Blanche, Christophe Delacourt, ANRS 12229 PAANTHER 01 STUDY GROUPPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20182065; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2065
In this study, we developed a treatment-decision score in 438 HIV-infected children with presumptive tuberculosis enrolled in Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, and Vietnam.
- Open AccessInvasive Pneumococcal Disease in Children’s Hospitals: 2014–2017Sheldon L. Kaplan, William J. Barson, Philana Ling Lin, José R. Romero, John S. Bradley, Tina Q. Tan, Pia S. Pannaraj, Laurence B. Givner, Kristina G. HultenPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20190567; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0567
PCV13 serotype isolates accounted for 24% of IPD in 8 US children’s hospitals during 2014–2017. Over 50% of children non-PCV13 serotype IPD isolates had underlying conditions.
- Open AccessA Pivotal Response Treatment Package for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: An RCTGrace W. Gengoux, Daniel A. Abrams, Rachel Schuck, Maria Estefania Millan, Robin Libove, Christina M. Ardel, Jennifer M. Phillips, Melanie Fox, Thomas W. Frazier, Antonio Y. HardanPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20190178; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0178
This 24-week RCT reveals significant improvement in communication skills for young children with autism who received clinician-delivered PRT and parent training.
- Open AccessMaternal Voice and Infant Sleep in the Neonatal Intensive Care UnitRenée A. Shellhaas, Joseph W. Burns, John D.E. Barks, Fauziya Hassan, Ronald D. ChervinPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20190288; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0288
Newborns may become more responsive to their mothers’ voices as they approach term; a maternal voice recording may thus reduce wakefulness caused by loud noises.
- Open Access24-Hour Movement Behaviors and ImpulsivityMichelle D. Guerrero, Joel D. Barnes, Jeremy J. Walsh, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mark S. Tremblay, Gary S. GoldfieldPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20190187; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0187
In this cross-sectional study, we examined whole-day movement behaviors (sleep, ST, PA) and their association with dimensions of impulsivity in children.
- Open AccessThe Pediatric Home Health Care Process: Perspectives of Prescribers, Providers, and RecipientsKaren Fratantoni, Jessica C. Raisanen, Renee D. Boss, Jennifer Miller, Kathryn Detwiler, Susan M. Huff, Kathryn Neubauer, Pamela K. DonohuePediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20190897; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0897
In this study, we describe the process of planning, implementing, and maintaining PHHC for CMC.
- Open AccessMinding (and Reducing) the Detection Gap: An Algorithm to Diagnose TB With HIV InfectionSilvia S. Chiang, Andrea T. CruzPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20191797; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-1797
From the American Academy of Pediatrics
- Open AccessIdentifying Child Abuse Fatalities During InfancyVincent J. Palusci, Council on Child Abuse and Neglect, Amanda J. Kay, Erich Batra, Section on Child Death Review and Prevention, Rachel Y. Moon, Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS, Tracey S. Corey, Thomas Andrew, Michael GrahamPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20192076; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-2076
- Open AccessPatient-Clinician Collaboration in the Development of an IBD Transfer ToolkitSamantha T. Kennedy, Michele Herzer Maddux, IMPROVECARENOW PEDIATRIC IBD LEARNING HEALTH SYSTEMPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20190558; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0558
- Open AccessMental Health, Drug, and Violence Interventions for Sexual/Gender Minorities: A Systematic ReviewRobert W. S. Coulter, James E. Egan, Suzanne Kinsky, M. Reuel Friedman, Kristen L. Eckstrand, Jessica Frankeberger, Barbara L. Folb, Christina Mair, Nina Markovic, Anthony Silvestre, Ron Stall, Elizabeth MillerPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20183367; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3367
Regarding interventions for SGMY, this review identified 9 interventions for mental health, 2 for substance use, and 1 for violence victimization.
- Open AccessTransmission of Vaccine-Strain Varicella-Zoster Virus: A Systematic ReviewMona Marin, Jessica Leung, Anne A. GershonPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20191305; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-1305
We reviewed the published experience with the use of live VZV vaccines to assess characteristics of secondary transmission of the vaccine-strain virus.
State-of-the-Art Review Article
- Open AccessPrenatal Opioid Exposure: Neurodevelopmental Consequences and Future Research PrioritiesElisabeth Conradt, Tess Flannery, Judy L. Aschner, Robert D. Annett, Lisa A. Croen, Cristiane S. Duarte, Alexander M. Friedman, Constance Guille, Monique M. Hedderson, Julie A. Hofheimer, Miranda R. Jones, Christine Ladd-Acosta, Monica McGrath, Angela Moreland, Jenae M. Neiderhiser, Ruby H.N. Nguyen, Jonathan Posner, Judith L. Ross, David A. Savitz, Steven J. Ondersma, Barry M. LesterPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20190128; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0128
We provide a concise review of the neurodevelopmental consequences of prenatal opioid exposure and an agenda for future research, addressing extant methodologic shortcomings.
- Open AccessDoes It Matter if This Baby Is 22 or 23 Weeks?Annie Janvier, Trisha Prentice, Jessica Wallace, Kate Robson, Paul Mann, John D. LantosPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20190113; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0113
Doctors and nurses must decide whether to follow parents’ wishes and actively treat an infant born at 22 weeks’ gestation.
- Open AccessReducing Variability in the Infant Sepsis Evaluation (REVISE): A National Quality InitiativeEric A. Biondi, Russell McCulloh, Vincent S. Staggs, Matthew Garber, Matt Hall, Julia Arana, Benj Barsotti, Beth C. Natt, Alan R. Schroeder, Lisa Schroeder, Todd Wylie, Shawn L. Ralston, ON BEHALF OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS’ REVISE COLLABORATIVEPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20182201; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2201
A national quality initiative improved care in key aspects of febrile, well-appearing infant management.
- Open AccessA Discharge Vital Sign Documentation Improvement Initiative in the Pediatric Emergency DepartmentAdam A. Vukovic, Corrie Berry, David P. JohnsonPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20190436; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0436
In this study, using QI methodology, we demonstrate sustained improvement in discharge vital signs within a PED without untoward effects on the system.
- Open AccessAbdominal Pain and Intermittent Fevers in a 16-Year-Old GirlKristen Penberthy, Joanne Mendoza, Michael Mendoza, Grant Harrison, Luke Lancaster, Brian Belyea, Steven L. ZeichnerPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20190093; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0093
A 16-year-old girl presented with fevers and abdominal pain. She had histories of exposure to possible infections, lymphadenopathy, and elevated transaminases and inflammatory markers.
- Open AccessScurvy Due to Selective Diet in a Seemingly Healthy 4-Year-Old BoyAndrew Nastro, Natalie Rosenwasser, Steven P. Daniels, Jessie Magnani, Yoshimi Endo, Elisa Hampton, Nancy Pan, Arzu KovanlikayaPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20182824; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2824
A previously healthy and normally developing 4-year-old boy was diagnosed with scurvy after gradual restriction of his diet.
- Open AccessFragile Females: Case Series of Epilepsy in Girls With FMR1 DisruptionKenneth A. Myers, Femke N.G. van 't Hof, Lynette G. Sadleir, Geneviève Legault, Elisabeth Simard-Tremblay, David J. Amor, Ingrid E. SchefferPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20190599; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0599
Four girls with epilepsy and mutations in FMR1, the Fragile X gene, are described. Three had DEE, with epileptic spasms seen in 2.
- Open AccessCelecoxib as a Potential Treatment for Intractable Lymphatic MalformationMari Imamura, Yasuhiro Okamoto, Takuro Nishikawa, Tomohide Yoneyama, Yuichi Yamasaki, Junpei Kawamura, Yoshifumi KawanoPediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20190319; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0319
Celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, was effective in treating intractable long-lasting LM in a girl, thus preventing life-threatening airway compression.
- Open AccessBolisetty S, Dhawan A, Abdel-Latif M, Bajuk B, Stack J, Lui K; New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory Neonatal Intensive Care Units’ Data Collection. Intraventricular Hemorrhage and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Extreme Preterm Infants. Pediatrics. 2014;133(1):55–62Pediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20192079; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-2079
- Open AccessEl-Toukhy S, Sabado M, Choi K. Trends in Susceptibility to Smoking by Race and Ethnicity. Pediatrics. 2016;138(5):e20161254Pediatrics Sep 2019, 144 (3) e20191894; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-1894