April 2019, VOLUME 143 / ISSUE 4
Table of Contents
- Open AccessTrends in Psychiatric Emergency Department Visits Among Youth and Young Adults in the USLuther G. Kalb, Emma K. Stapp, Elizabeth D. Ballard, Calliope Holingue, Amy Keefer, Anne RileyPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20182192; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2192
Between 2011 and 2015, there was an increase in psychiatric ED visits among youth 6 to 24 years of age in the United States.
- Open AccessParental Disengagement in Childhood and Adolescent Male Gun CarryingJordan Beardslee, Meagan Docherty, Vevette J.H. Yang, Dustin PardiniPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20181552; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1552
Childhood parental disengagement predicts mid- to late-adolescent gun carrying, in part because parental disengagement is associated with higher peer delinquency and externalizing problems during early adolescence.
- Open AccessMaternal Smoking Before and During Pregnancy and the Risk of Sudden Unexpected Infant DeathTatiana M. Anderson, Juan M. Lavista Ferres, Shirley You Ren, Rachel Y. Moon, Richard D. Goldstein, Jan-Marino Ramirez, Edwin A. MitchellPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20183325; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3325
In this cross-sectional cohort study, we analyzed maternal smoking behavior before and during pregnancy and the increased risk of SUID.
- Open AccessParental Smoking and E-cigarette Use in Homes and CarsJeremy E. Drehmer, Emara Nabi-Burza, Bethany Hipple Walters, Deborah J. Ossip, Douglas E. Levy, Nancy A. Rigotti, Jonathan D. Klein, Jonathan P. WinickoffPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20183249; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3249
We examined smoking and vaping restrictions in homes and cars where children reside and identified parental characteristics associated with the adoption of smoke-free and vape-free policies.
- Open AccessCigarette Smoking Disparities Between Sexual Minority and Heterosexual YouthJessica N. Fish, Blair Turner, Gregory Phillips, Stephen T. RussellPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20181671; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1671
Using US population-based data, we document trends and disparities in 2 cigarette-related behaviors between heterosexual youth and SMY from 2005 to 2015.
- Open AccessChronic Medication Use in Children Insured by Medicaid: A Multistate Retrospective Cohort StudyJames A. Feinstein, Matt Hall, James W. Antoon, Joanna Thomson, Juan Carlos Flores, Denise M. Goodman, Eyal Cohen, Romuladus Azuine, Rishi Agrawal, Amy J. Houtrow, Danielle D. DeCourcey, Dennis Z. Kuo, Ryan Coller, Dipika S. Gaur, Jay G. BerryPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20183397; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3397
We examine CM use in pediatric Medicaid enrollees, highlighting the prevalence of CM use, associated clinical characteristics, and health care use and spending.
- Open AccessNeonatal Herpes Simplex Virus Infection Among Medicaid-Enrolled Children: 2009–2015Sanjay Mahant, Matt Hall, Amanda C. Schondelmeyer, Jay G. Berry, David W. Kimberlin, Samir S. Shah, for the Pediatric Research in Inpatient Settings Network and the Collaborative Antiviral Study GroupPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20183233; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3233
In a multistate Medicaid population from 2009 to 2015, neonatal HSV infection incidence has increased markedly and is associated with substantial health care use.
- Open AccessPredicting Postoperative Physiologic Decline After SurgeryJay G. Berry, Connor Johnson, Charis Crofton, Steven J. Staffa, Maura DiTillio, Izabela Leahy, Joseph Salem, Shawn J. Rangel, Sara J. Singer, Lynne FerrariPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20182042; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2042
Combinations of active health problems at preoperative evaluation, polypharmacy, and multimorbidity distinguish a low versus high risk of PoPD after elective surgery in children.
- Open AccessDifferences in Parent-Toddler Interactions With Electronic Versus Print BooksTiffany G. Munzer, Alison L. Miller, Heidi M. Weeks, Niko Kaciroti, Jenny RadeskyPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20182012; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2012
Through videotaped analysis of reading interactions between parent-toddler dyads, we found a higher quantity and quality of reading interactions around print compared with electronic books.
- Open AccessTelephone-Based Developmental Screening and Care Coordination Through 2-1-1: A Randomized TrialBergen B. Nelson, Lindsey R. Thompson, Patricia Herrera, Christopher Biely, Damaris Arriola Zarate, Irene Aceves, Ingrid Estrada, Vincent Chan, Cynthia Orantes, Paul J. ChungPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20181064; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1064
In this study, we find that telephone-based developmental screening and care coordination through 2-1-1 increases referrals to and enrollment in early childhood services compared with usual care alone.
- Open AccessLay Field-worker–Led School Health Program for Primary Schools in Low- and Middle-Income CountriesMichael Matergia, Peter Ferrarone, Yasin Khan, Denna Weiss Matergia, Priscilla Giri, Sanjeeta Thapa, Eric A.F. SimõesPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20180975; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0975
This cluster-controlled trial reveals that trained community members can deliver effective school health programs in primary schools of LMICs.
- Open AccessQuality Metrics for Antimicrobial Stewardship ProgramsMichelle Science, Kathryn Timberlake, Andrew Morris, Stanley Read, Nicole Le Saux, on behalf of the Groupe Antibiothérapie en Pédiatrie Canada Alliance for Stewardship of Antimicrobials in Pediatrics (GAP Can ASAP)Pediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20182372; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2372
Using a modified Delphi approach, we obtained consensus on 4 metrics to evaluate pediatric antimicrobial stewardship activities, which can be applied to benchmarking.
- Open AccessSocial Media Influencer Marketing and Children’s Food Intake: A Randomized TrialAnna E. Coates, Charlotte A. Hardman, Jason C.G. Halford, Paul Christiansen, Emma J. BoylandPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20182554; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2554
In this study, we examine the impact of influencer marketing of foods (healthy and unhealthy), via popular YouTube vloggers on social media, on children’s food intake.
- Open AccessTreating Hypertension in Children With n-of-1 TrialsJoyce P. Samuel, Jon E. Tyson, Charles Green, Cynthia S. Bell, Claudia Pedroza, Don Molony, Joshua SamuelsPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20181818; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1818
We individualized our approach to treatment decisions using n-of-1 trials with repeated ABPM.
- Open AccessValidation of the Traumatic Events Screening Inventory for ACEsKristen R. Choi, Michael McCreary, Julian D. Ford, Sara Rahmanian Koushkaki, Kristen N. Kenan, Bonnie T. ZimaPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20182546; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2546
We adapted and validated the TESI as a primary-care childhood adversity screen with children at 2 FQHCs in Chicago.
- Open AccessExpressions of Gratitude and Medical Team PerformanceArieh Riskin, Peter Bamberger, Amir Erez, Kinneret Riskin-Guez, Yarden Riskin, Rina Sela, Trevor Foulk, Binyamin Cooper, Amitai Ziv, Liat Pessach-Gelblum, Ellen BambergerPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20182043; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2043
Maternal gratitude positively affected medical team performance, with most of this effect explained by the positive impact of such gratitude on team information sharing.
- Open AccessThe Increasing Burden of Psychiatric Emergencies: A Call to ActionThomas H. Chun, Susan J. Duffy, Jacqueline Grupp-PhelanPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20190251; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0251
From the American Academy of Pediatrics
- Open AccessPublic Policies to Reduce Sugary Drink Consumption in Children and AdolescentsNatalie D. Muth, William H. Dietz, Sheela N. Magge, Rachel K. Johnson, AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS, SECTION ON OBESITY, COMMITTEE ON NUTRITION, AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATIONPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20190282; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0282
- Open AccessOngoing Pediatric Health Care for the Child Who Has Been MaltreatedEmalee Flaherty, Lori Legano, Sheila Idzerda, COUNCIL ON CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECTPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20190284; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0284
- Open AccessPrescribing Physical, Occupational, and Speech Therapy Services for Children With DisabilitiesAmy Houtrow, Nancy Murphy, COUNCIL ON CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIESPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20190285; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0285
- Open AccessThe Effects of Early Nutritional Interventions on the Development of Atopic Disease in Infants and Children: The Role of Maternal Dietary Restriction, Breastfeeding, Hydrolyzed Formulas, and Timing of Introduction of Allergenic Complementary FoodsFrank R. Greer, Scott H. Sicherer, A. Wesley Burks, COMMITTEE ON NUTRITION, SECTION ON ALLERGY AND IMMUNOLOGYPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20190281; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0281
- Open AccessAddressing Social Determinants of Health: Challenges and Opportunities in a Value-Based ModelArvin Garg, Charles J. Homer, Paul H. DworkinPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20182355; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2355
- Open AccessLaney’s Story: The Problem of Delayed Diagnosis of Pediatric StrokeBrian T. Fitzsimons, Laura L. Fitzsimons, Lisa R. SunPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20183458; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3458
- Open AccessMultilevel Surgery for Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Meta-analysisNoor Amirah Amirmudin, Grace Lavelle, Tim Theologis, Nicky Thompson, Jennifer M. RyanPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20183390; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3390
In this review, we summarize the literature on MLS for children with CP, including the effects of MLS and satisfaction with outcomes after MLS.
State-of-the-Art Review Article
- Open AccessIncreasing Mental Health Engagement From Primary Care: The Potential Role of Family NavigationLeandra Godoy, Stacy Hodgkinson, Hillary A. Robertson, Elyssa Sham, Lindsay Druskin, Caroline G. Wambach, Lee Savio Beers, Melissa LongPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20182418; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2418
Linking children to mental health care is challenging; in this review, we explore the role that navigators can play in increasing family engagement.
- Open AccessWhen Only Family Is Available to InterpretJessica Turnbull, Joshua Arenth, Kate Payne, John D. Lantos, Joseph FanningPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20183700; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3700
When no professional translator can be found, doctors must decide whether it is appropriate to allow family members to translate.
- Open AccessImproving Standardization of Paging Communication Using Quality Improvement MethodologyRachel M. Weigert, Anna H. Schmitz, Paula J. Soung, Kelsey Porada, Michael C. WeisgerberPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20181362; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1362
Despite multiple enhancements to a paging system at a large academic children’s hospital, ultimately, required fields produced the greatest improvement in standardization and provider satisfaction.
- Open AccessImproving the Safety of Teratogen Prescribing Practices in a Pediatric Rheumatology ClinicAshley M. Cooper, Mara Horwitz, Mara L. BeckerPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20180803; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0803
A pediatric rheumatology clinic describes successful implementation of standardized annual patient education and regular pregnancy screening in adolescents prescribed teratogenic medications.
- Open AccessExercise-Induced Purpura in ChildrenSarah S. Paul, Lisabeth V. ScalziPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20182797; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2797
EIP, a common benign vasculopathy, is an important phenomenon to recognize in children; it most commonly occurs in warm weather with high-impact activity.
- Open AccessSevere Fetal Hemolysis and Cholestasis Due to High-Titer Maternal IgG Anti-A AntibodiesRens Zonneveld, Laura van der Meer-Kapelle, Marc Sylva, Anneke Brand, Marianne Zijlstra, Henk SchonewillePediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20182859; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2859
A case of severe hemolytic disease due to maternal anti-A antibodies that may be more common than formerly thought, especially in multiracial and non-Western mother-child pairs.
- Open AccessMultilocus Heterotopic Gastric Mucosa of Ileum Masquerading as VEOIBD in a NewbornLivia Lindoso, Cortney R. Ballengee, Kiran P. Patel, Rene Romero, Shelley Caltharp, Adina L. Alazraki, Subra KugathasanPediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20182398; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2398
Increased awareness of this rare disease and performing a Technetium-99m pertechnetate scan early can correctly diagnose HGM and prevent disease complication.
Letters to the Editor
- Open AccessAuger KA, Simmons JM, Tubbs-Cooley HL; H2O Trial study group. Postdischarge Nurse Home Visits and Reuse: The Hospital to Home Outcomes (H2O) Trial. Pediatrics. 2018;142(1):e20173919Pediatrics Apr 2019, 143 (4) e20190092; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-0092