December 2018, VOLUME 142 / ISSUE 6
Table of Contents
- Open AccessThe Prevalence of Parent-Reported Autism Spectrum Disorder Among US ChildrenMichael D. Kogan, Catherine J. Vladutiu, Laura A. Schieve, Reem M. Ghandour, Stephen J. Blumberg, Benjamin Zablotsky, James M. Perrin, Paul Shattuck, Karen A. Kuhlthau, Robin L. Harwood, Michael C. LuPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20174161; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4161
From the 2016 NSCH, an estimated 1.5 million US children aged 3 to 17 years (2.50%) had ever received an ASD diagnosis and currently had the condition.
- Open AccessThe Public Health Impact of Parent-Reported Childhood Food Allergies in the United StatesRuchi S. Gupta, Christopher M. Warren, Bridget M. Smith, Jesse A. Blumenstock, Jialing Jiang, Matthew M. Davis, Kari C. NadeauPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20181235; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1235
A 2015–2016 population-based, cross-sectional survey was administered to a sample of US households to estimate current FA prevalence, severity, and health care use.
- Open AccessRisk Stratification of Febrile Infants ≤60 Days Old Without Routine Lumbar PuncturePaul L. Aronson, Marie E. Wang, Eugene D. Shapiro, Samir S. Shah, Adrienne G. DePorre, Russell J. McCulloh, Christopher M. Pruitt, Sanyukta Desai, Lise E. Nigrovic, Richard D. Marble, Rianna C. Leazer, Sahar N. Rooholamini, Laura F. Sartori, Fran Balamuth, Christopher Woll, Mark I. Neuman, for the Febrile Young Infant Research CollaborativePediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20181879; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1879
In this multicenter study, we evaluate the performance characteristics of the Rochester and modified Philadelphia criteria for risk stratification of febrile infants with bacteremia and/or bacterial meningitis.
- Open AccessIntellectual Disability in Children Conceived Using Assisted Reproductive TechnologyMichele Hansen, Kathryn R. Greenop, Jenny Bourke, Gareth Baynam, Roger J. Hart, Helen LeonardPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20181269; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1269
Children born after ART have a small increased risk of ID; risks are higher for ICSI-conceived births and those born very preterm.
- Open AccessNeurodevelopmental Outcomes in Infants With Birth Weight ≤500 g at 3 Years of AgeHirosuke Inoue, Masayuki Ochiai, Yasunari Sakai, Kazuaki Yasuoka, Koichi Tanaka, Masako Ichiyama, Hiroaki Kurata, Junko Fujiyoshi, Yuki Matsushita, Satoshi Honjo, Kazuaki Nonaka, Tomoaki Taguchi, Kiyoko Kato, Shouichi Ohga, on behalf of the Neonatal Research Network of JapanPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20174286; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4286
We investigate the neurodevelopmental outcomes in early childhood among surviving infants born with a BW of ≤500 g from 2003 to 2012.
- Open AccessE-cigarette Use and Subsequent Smoking Frequency Among AdolescentsJessica L. Barrington-Trimis, Grace Kong, Adam M. Leventhal, Feifei Liu, Margaret Mayer, Tess Boley Cruz, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Rob McConnellPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20180486; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0486
Among cigarette initiators, e-cigarette users and nonusers had similar patterns of transition to more frequent cigarette use; however, cigarette or dual product users rarely transitioned to exclusive e-cigarette use or nonuse.
- Open AccessTobacco Product Harm Perceptions and New UseMaria A. Parker, Andrea C. Villanti, Amanda J. Quisenberry, Cassandra A. Stanton, Nathan J. Doogan, Ryan Redner, Diann E. Gaalema, Allison N. Kurti, Tyler Nighbor, Megan E. Roberts, Antonio Cepeda-Benito, Stephen T. HigginsPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20181505; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1505
We examine tobacco product harm perceptions in youth at wave 1 of a national longitudinal study and evaluate new tobacco product use at wave 2.
- Open AccessDelivery Room Management of Meconium-Stained Newborns and Respiratory SupportArpitha Chiruvolu, Kimberly K. Miklis, Elena Chen, Barbara Petrey, Sujata DesaiPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20181485; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1485
In this multicenter cohort study, we compare previous and current NRP guidelines for delivery room management of nonvigorous newborns born through MSAF.
- Open AccessAdherence of Newborn-Specific Antibiotic Stewardship Programs to CDC RecommendationsTimmy Ho, Madge E. Buus-Frank, Erika M. Edwards, Kate A. Morrow, Karla Ferrelli, Arjun Srinivasan, Daniel A. Pollock, Dmitry Dukhovny, John A.F. Zupancic, DeWayne M. Pursley, Roger F. Soll, Jeffrey D. HorbarPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20174322; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4322
In this cross-sectional study of neonatal antibiotic usage, we identify the baseline prevalence of ASPs in the newborn setting.
- Open AccessUninterrupted Infant Sleep, Development, and Maternal MoodMarie-Hélène Pennestri, Christine Laganière, Andrée-Anne Bouvette-Turcot, Irina Pokhvisneva, Meir Steiner, Michael J. Meaney, Hélène Gaudreau, on behalf of the Mavan Research TeamPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20174330; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4330
A high percentage of infants do not sleep through the night, and this behavior is not associated with development or maternal mood in early infancy.
- Open AccessAccess to the Medical Home Among Children With and Without Special Health Care NeedsJesse C. Lichstein, Reem M. Ghandour, Marie Y. MannPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20181795; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1795
In this study, we use the redesigned 2016 NSCH to present the latest estimates of access to the medical home.
- Open AccessEarly Antibiotic Exposure and Weight Outcomes in Young ChildrenJason P. Block, L. Charles Bailey, Matthew W. Gillman, Doug Lunsford, Matthew F. Daley, Ihuoma Eneli, Jonathan Finkelstein, William Heerman, Casie E. Horgan, Daniel S. Hsia, Melanie Jay, Goutham Rao, Juliane S. Reynolds, Sheryl L. Rifas-Shiman, Jessica L. Sturtevant, Sengwee Toh, Leonardo Trasande, Jessica Young, Christopher B. Forrest, on behalf of the PCORnet Antibiotics and Childhood Growth Study GroupPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20180290; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0290
In this study, we used data from a large, diverse, multi-institutional national research network to examine the association of early-life antibiotic use on children’s weight.
- Open AccessScreening for Iron Deficiency in Early Childhood Using Serum Ferritin in the Primary Care SettingHannah Oatley, Cornelia M. Borkhoff, Shiyi Chen, Colin Macarthur, Navindra Persaud, Catherine S. Birken, Jonathon L. Maguire, Patricia C. Parkin, on behalf of the TARGet Kids! CollaborationPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20182095; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2095
In children 1 to 3 years old screened in primary care, serum ferritin was lowest between 15 and 24 months, and hemoglobin did not change significantly.
- Open AccessBeing Overweight or Obese and the Development of AsthmaJason E. Lang, H. Timothy Bunnell, Md Jobayer Hossain, Tim Wysocki, John J. Lima, Terri H. Finkel, Leonard Bacharier, Amanda Dempsey, Lisa Sarzynski, Matthew Test, Christopher B. ForrestPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20182119; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2119
In this study, we use the PEDSnet clinical data research network to measure the excess risk that overweight and obesity status contribute to new asthma cases in US children.
- Open AccessA Prediction Model to Determine Childhood Epilepsy After 1 or More Paroxysmal EventsEric van Diessen, Herm J. Lamberink, Willem M. Otte, Nynke Doornebal, Oebele F. Brouwer, Floor E. Jansen, Kees P.J. BraunPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20180931; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0931
A prediction model was made to reliably determine the risk of childhood epilepsy with clinical and EEG data available at first consultation.
- Open AccessMaternal Intellectual or Developmental Disability and Newborn Discharge to Protective ServicesHilary K. Brown, Lynne A. Potvin, Yona Lunsky, Simone N. VigodPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20181416; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1416
With this population-based study, we estimate and compare rates of discharge to child protective services among newborns of women with and without IDDs.
- Open AccessNeonatal Outcomes of Very Preterm or Very Low Birth Weight TripletsPrakesh S. Shah, Satoshi Kusuda, Stellan Håkansson, Brian Reichman, Kei Lui, Liisa Lehtonen, Neena Modi, Maximo Vento, Mark Adams, Franca Rusconi, Mikael Norman, Brian A. Darlow, Abhay Lodha, Junmin Yang, Dirk Bassler, Kjell K. Helenius, Tetsuya Isayama, Shoo K. Lee, on behalf of the International Network for Evaluation of Outcomes (iNEO) in Neonates InvestigatorsPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20181938; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1938
The analysis of 6079 triplets and 18 232 matched singletons from an international cohort revealed that neonatal outcomes for triplets were similar to singletons.
- Open AccessChild BMI Over Time and Parent-Perceived OverweightMelissa Wake, Jessica A. Kerr, Pauline W. JansenPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20173985; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3985
Cause or consequence: in this 2-cohort population study, we tease out whether parental perception of child overweight precedes or follows higher BMI in children from age 2 to 15 years.
- Open AccessMarijuana and Tobacco Coexposure in Hospitalized ChildrenKaren M. Wilson, Michelle R. Torok, Binnian Wei, Lanqing Wang, Michelle Lowary, Benjamin C. BlountPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20180820; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0820
We studied children who were hospitalized and had tobacco-smoking parents by testing their urine for metabolites of marijuana and found that 46% had exposure to marijuana smoke.
- Open AccessOnline Family Problem-solving Treatment for Pediatric Traumatic Brain InjuryShari L. Wade, Eloise E. Kaizar, Megan Narad, Huaiyu Zang, Brad G. Kurowski, Keith Owen Yeates, H. Gerry Taylor, Nanhua ZhangPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20180422; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0422
In this innovative individual participant data meta-analysis, we examine whether OFPST is more effective in improving behavioral problems after TBI as the time since injury increases.
- Open AccessSex Differences in Mortality and Morbidity of Infants Born at Less Than 30 Weeks’ GestationNansi S. Boghossian, Marco Geraci, Erika M. Edwards, Jeffrey D. HorbarPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20182352; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2352
Male infants born at 22 to 29 weeks between 2006 and 2016 experienced faster declines than female infants in mortality, RDS, and CLD.
- Open AccessThe Value of State Differences in Autism When Compared to a National Prevalence EstimateSarabeth Broder-Fingert, Christopher R. Sheldrick, Michael SilversteinPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20182950; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2950
- Open AccessIs There a Causal Link Between Antibiotic Exposure During Infancy and Risk for Obesity?Antti Saari, Ulla SankilampiPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20182692; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2692
From the American Academy of Pediatrics
- Open AccessTargeted Reforms in Health Care Financing to Improve the Care of Adolescents and Young AdultsArik V. Marcell, Cora C. Breuner, Lawrence Hammer, Mark L. Hudak, COMMITTEE ON ADOLESCENCE, COMMITTEE ON CHILD HEALTH FINANCINGPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20182998; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2998
- Open AccessPediatric Considerations Before, During, and After Radiological or Nuclear EmergenciesJerome A. Paulson, COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTHPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20183000; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3000
- Open AccessPediatric Considerations Before, During, and After Radiological or Nuclear EmergenciesMartha S. Linet, Ziad Kazzi, Jerome A. Paulson, COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTHPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20183001; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3001
- Open AccessScreening Examination of Premature Infants for Retinopathy of PrematurityWalter M. Fierson, AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS Section on Ophthalmology, AMERICAN ACADEMY OF OPHTHALMOLOGY, AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR PEDIATRIC OPHTHALMOLOGY AND STRABISMUS, AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF CERTIFIED ORTHOPTISTSPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20183061; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3061
- Open AccessClinical Practice Guideline: Maintenance Intravenous Fluids in ChildrenLeonard G. Feld, Daniel R. Neuspiel, Byron A. Foster, Michael G. Leu, Matthew D. Garber, Kelly Austin, Rajit K. Basu, Edward E. Conway, James J. Fehr, Clare Hawkins, Ron L. Kaplan, Echo V. Rowe, Muhammad Waseem, Michael L. Moritz, SUBCOMMITTEE ON FLUID AND ELECTROLYTE THERAPYPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20183083; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3083
- Open AccessSport-Related Concussion in Children and AdolescentsMark E. Halstead, Kevin D. Walter, Kody Moffatt, COUNCIL ON SPORTS MEDICINE AND FITNESSPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20183074; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3074
- Open AccessManagement of Neonates Born at ≥35 0/7 Weeks’ Gestation With Suspected or Proven Early-Onset Bacterial SepsisKaren M. Puopolo, William E. Benitz, Theoklis E. Zaoutis, COMMITTEE ON FETUS AND NEWBORN, COMMITTEE ON INFECTIOUS DISEASESPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20182894; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2894
- Open AccessManagement of Neonates Born at ≤34 6/7 Weeks’ Gestation With Suspected or Proven Early-Onset Bacterial SepsisKaren M. Puopolo, William E. Benitz, Theoklis E. Zaoutis, COMMITTEE ON FETUS AND NEWBORN, COMMITTEE ON INFECTIOUS DISEASESPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20182896; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2896
- Open AccessSeparated and Sick: An Immigrant Child’s Traumatic Experience of Illness and RecoveryAnnie Morrison, Karla Fredricks, Neeraj AgrawalPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20182284; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2284
- Open AccessGetting Over Our Inpatient Oral Antibiotic AversionMatthew P. Kronman, Adam L. Hersh, Jason G. Newland, Jeffrey S. GerberPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20181634; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1634
- Open AccessReplacing the “Word Gap” With Nonstigmatizing Approaches to Early Literacy and Language BuildingMical Raz, Barbara R. BeattyPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20181992; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1992
- Open AccessA Collaborative Approach to Improving Health Care for Children With Developmental DisabilitiesMelissa Liddle, Kerri Birkett, Annette Bonjour, Kimberly RismaPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20181136; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1136
We describe an individualized approach to health care for children with developmental disabilities that facilitates less traumatic and more productive visits through collaboration between parents and staff.
- Open AccessMinister to Their Instruction: Revisiting the Minister-Vaccinator Rowland HillJoshua T.B. Williams, Abraham M. NussbaumPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20181021; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1021
Rowland Hill was a 19th century Methodist minister-vaccinator whose legacy challenges the popular conflict narrative between science and religion.
State-of-the-Art Review Article
- Open AccessEthical Issues in Gender-Affirming Care for YouthLaura L. Kimberly, Kelly McBride Folkers, Phoebe Friesen, Darren Sultan, Gwendolyn P. Quinn, Alison Bateman-House, Brendan Parent, Craig Konnoth, Aron Janssen, Lesha D. Shah, Rachel Bluebond-Langner, Caroline Salas-HumaraPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20181537; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1537
In this review, we identify and assess the ethical issues associated with providing gender-affirming care to TGNC youth.
- Open AccessMOCA-Peds: Development of a New Assessment of Medical Knowledge for Continuing CertificationLaurel K. Leslie, Murrey G. Olmsted, Adam Turner, Carol Carraccio, Andrew Dwyer, Linda AlthousePediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20181428; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1428
In this article, we describe the development during 2015–2016 of MOCA-Peds, an alternative assessment for continuing certification in General Pediatrics.
- Open AccessChild Abuse, Incarceration, and Decisions About Life-sustaining TreatmentPaul C. Mann, Elliott Mark Weiss, Rebecca R. Seltzer, Rachel A.B. Dodge, Renee D. Boss, John D. LantosPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20180430; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0430
Doctors wonder whether a mother who is jailed for child abuse should participate in decisions about withdrawing life support.
- Open AccessWhen Parents Have Misunderstandings About the Risks and Benefits of Palliative SurgeryBerklee Robins, Adam Booser, John D. LantosPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20180482; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0482
An anesthesiologist experiences moral distress when he realizes that the parents do not understand the full implications of an operation for their child that they have already agreed to.
- Open AccessImproving Emergency Department Care for Pediatric Victims of Sexual AbuseErin F. Hoehn, Kevin M. Overmann, Nafeh Fananapazir, Kirsten Simonton, Kathi L. Makoroff, Berkeley L. Bennett, Elena M. Duma, Eileen Murtagh KurowskiPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20181811; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1811
A quality improvement project was used to increase evidence-based care provided to the victims of sexual abuse in the PED.
- Open AccessImproving Timeliness of Medical Evaluations for Children Entering Foster CareLindsay G. Terrell, Asheley C. Skinner, Aditee P. NarayanPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20180725; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0725
We present an academic, community quality improvement collaborative that was focused on improving the TIE for children in Durham County.
- Open AccessNeonatal Abstinence Syndrome Due to Maternal Kratom UseWhitney B. Eldridge, Cherie Foster, Lance WyblePediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20181839; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1839
We describe a common pediatric presentation, NAS, due to an underrecognized but increasingly used herbal opioid-like supplement, Kratom.
- Open AccessDiagnosis of Attenuated Mucopolysaccharidosis VI: Clinical, Biochemical, and Genetic PitfallsFilippo Pinto e Vairo, Erin Conboy, Carolina Fischinger Moura de Souza, Amie Jones, Sarah S. Barnett, Eric W. Klee, Brendan C. LanpherPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20180658; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0658
Attenuated MPS VI is a disorder that is difficult to diagnose; however, treatment can be lifesaving.
- Open AccessRepeated Percutaneous Treatment of Massive Hepatic Cystic Echinococcosis in a ChildMirjana Balen Topić, Tomislava Skuhala, Boško Desnica, Klaudija Višković, Martin DrinkovićPediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20181254; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1254
We report the efficacy and good tolerability of RFT, PAIR, and prolonged albendazole therapy in the treatment of superficial and deep-liver CE in a child.
- Open AccessBold KW, Kong G, Cavallo DA, Camenga DR, Krishnan-Sarin S. Reasons for Trying E-cigarettes and Risk of Continued Use. Pediatrics. 2016;138(3):e20160895Pediatrics Dec 2018, 142 (6) e20182792; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2792