- Israel Agaku, DMD, MPH, PhD,
- Satomi Odani, MPH,
- Brian Armour, PhD, and
- Rebecca Glover-Kudon, PhD, MSPH
- Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
Dr Agaku conceptualized and designed the study and drafted the initial manuscript; Ms Odani helped conceptualize the study, assisted in the statistical analyses, and critically reviewed and revised the manuscript; Drs Armour and Glover-Kudon helped conceptualize the study and critically reviewed and revised the manuscript; and all authors approved the final manuscript as submitted and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work.