August 2018, VOLUME 142 / ISSUE 2
Table of Contents
- Open AccessRural Versus Urban Hospitalizations for Firearm Injuries in Children and AdolescentsBradley R. Herrin, Julie R. Gaither, John M. Leventhal, James DodingtonPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20173318; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3318
In this study, we compare rates of hospitalizations for firearm injuries in children and adolescents between rural and urban areas of the United States.
- Open AccessOutpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children and Opioid-Related Adverse EventsCecilia P. Chung, S. Todd Callahan, William O. Cooper, William D. Dupont, Katherine T. Murray, Andrew D. Franklin, Kathi Hall, Judith A. Dudley, C. Michael Stein, Wayne A. RayPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20172156; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2156
We studied outpatient prescribing in a large population of Tennessee Medicaid children without severe conditions and calculated the incidence of subsequent opioid-related adverse events.
- Open AccessSocial Aspects of Hookah Smoking Among US YouthIsrael Agaku, Satomi Odani, Brian Armour, Rebecca Glover-KudonPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20180341; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0341
Hookah smoking among youth is a public health concern with deep sociocultural underpinnings. We investigated the social aspects of hookah smoking among US adolescents.
- Open AccessTrends in Abstaining From Substance Use in Adolescents: 1975–2014Sharon Levy, Michael D. Campbell, Corinne L. Shea, Robert DuPontPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20173498; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3498
In this study, we investigate the trends in nonuse of tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana and complete abstinence among HS students over the past 40 years.
- Open AccessAdults’ Perceptions of Nicotine Harm to ChildrenCatherine B. Kemp, Claire Adams Spears, Terry F. Pechacek, Michael P. EriksenPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20180051; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0051
Although the majority of American adults characterized nicotine as being definitely harmful to children, there are important subgroup differences.
- Open AccessThe Effect of Lowering Public Insurance Income Limits on Hospitalizations for Low-Income ChildrenJessica L. Bettenhausen, Matthew Hall, Jeffrey D. Colvin, Henry T. Puls, Paul J. ChungPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20173486; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3486
Using 3 eligibility scenarios, we describe how reductions in income limits for public insurance affects hospitalizations of children currently insured publicly.
- Open AccessFederal Parity and Spending for Mental IllnessAlene Kennedy-Hendricks, Andrew J. Epstein, Elizabeth A. Stuart, Rebecca L. Haffajee, Emma E. McGinty, Alisa B. Busch, Haiden A. Huskamp, Colleen L. BarryPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20172618; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2618
In this study, we estimate the impact of the MHPAEA on mental health service use and spending among children.
- Open AccessHealth of Infants After ART-Treated, Subfertile, and Fertile DeliveriesSunah S. Hwang, Dmitry Dukhovny, Daksha Gopal, Howard Cabral, Stacey Missmer, Hafsatou Diop, Eugene Declercq, Judy E. SternPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20174069; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4069
With this population-based study, we assessed health outcomes of infants born to fertile, subfertile, and ART-treated mothers in Massachusetts.
- Open AccessThe Nutritional Quality of Gluten-Free Products for ChildrenCharlene ElliottPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20180525; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0525
This analysis of child-targeted packaged foods reveals that the GF label does not signal a nutritionally superior product. Most of these products are high in sugar.
- Open AccessParents’ Adverse Childhood Experiences and Their Children’s Behavioral Health ProblemsAdam Schickedanz, Neal Halfon, Narayan Sastry, Paul J. ChungPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20180023; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0023
Data from a national survey of families revealed that parents with a history of many ACEs are more likely to have children with behavioral health problems.
- Open AccessClinical Implications of the Revised AAP Pediatric Hypertension GuidelinesMichael Khoury, Philip R. Khoury, Lawrence M. Dolan, Thomas R. Kimball, Elaine M. UrbinaPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20180245; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0245
We evaluated the impact of the new pediatric hypertension guidelines on hypertension prevalence and associations with TOD.
- Open AccessHigh Blood Pressure at Early School Age Among Extreme PretermsBetty R. Vohr, Roy Heyne, Carla Bann, Abhik Das, Rosemary D. Higgins, Susan R. Hintz, for the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health, Development Neonatal Research NetworkPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20180269; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0269
Former EPT infants of normal weight or overweight at early school age are at risk for high BP, indicating a need for postdischarge surveillance.
- Open AccessBlood Pressure Thresholds and Mortality in Pediatric Traumatic Brain InjuryPratthana Suttipongkaset, Nophanan Chaikittisilpa, Monica S. Vavilala, Abhijit V. Lele, Arraya Watanitanon, Theerada Chandee, Vijay KrishnamoorthyPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20180594; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0594
In this study, through our analysis of the NTDB, we examine early SBP thresholds and mortality after severe pediatric TBI.
- Open AccessDrinking or Smoking While Breastfeeding and Later Cognition in ChildrenLouisa Gibson, Melanie PorterPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20174266; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4266
Using data from the LSAC, we examine relationships between maternal drinking and smoking while breastfeeding and children’s cognitive outcomes.
- Open AccessOut-of-Home Care and Subsequent Preterm Delivery: An Intergenerational Cohort StudyCan Liu, Bo Vinnerljung, Viveca Östberg, Karl Gauffin, Sol Juarez, Sven Cnattingius, Anders HjernPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20172729; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2729
With national population data and information across 3 generations, we assessed the association between maternal early-life adverse experience and preterm delivery.
- Open AccessFactors Associated With Refusal of Intramuscular Vitamin K in Normal NewbornsJaspreet Loyal, James A. Taylor, Carrie A. Phillipi, Neera K. Goyal, Kelly E. Wood, Carl Seashore, Beth King, Eve Colson, Veronika Shabanova, Eugene D. Shapiro, on behalf of the BORN investigatorsPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20173743; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3743
The frequency of IM vitamin K administration refusal in a national network of well newborn units in the United States was 0.6%.
- Open AccessFrequency of Pediatric Emergencies in Ambulatory PracticesMatthew L. Yuknis, Elizabeth Weinstein, Hannah Maxey, Lori Price, Sierra X. Vaughn, Tom Arkins, Brian D. BenneyworthPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20173082; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3082
Through verification of EMS data, we objectively characterize the frequency and etiology of pediatric emergencies in ambulatory practices in a metropolitan area.
- Open AccessAdverse Events in Hospitalized Pediatric PatientsDavid C. Stockwell, Christopher P. Landrigan, Sara L. Toomey, Samuel S. Loren, Jisun Jang, Jessica A. Quinn, Sepideh Ashrafzadeh, Michelle J. Wang, Melody Wu, Paul J. Sharek, David C. Classen, Rajendu Srivastava, Gareth Parry, Mark A. Schuster, for the GAPPS Study GroupPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20173360; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3360
Rates of safety events in hospitalized children did not improve from 2007 to 2012.
- Open AccessHIV and Syphilis Screening Among Adolescents Diagnosed With Pelvic Inflammatory DiseaseAmanda Jichlinski, Gia Badolato, William Pastor, Monika K. GoyalPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20174061; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4061
In this retrospective cohort study, we used the PHIS database to demonstrate that adolescents with PID are underscreened for HIV and syphilis.
- Open AccessVisual and Hearing Impairments After Preterm BirthMikko Hirvonen, Riitta Ojala, Päivi Korhonen, Paula Haataja, Kai Eriksson, Mika Gissler, Tiina Luukkaala, Outi TammelaPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20173888; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3888
In this large national register study, we evaluated the incidence and risk factors of sensory impairments among prematurely born children.
- Open AccessComplex Care Hospital Use and Postdischarge Coaching: A Randomized Controlled TrialRyan J. Coller, Thomas S. Klitzner, Carlos F. Lerner, Bergen B. Nelson, Lindsey R. Thompson, Qianqian Zhao, Adrianna A. Saenz, Siem Ia, Jessica Flores-Vazquez, Paul J. ChungPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20174278; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4278
Hospital use and charges were reduced by a caregiver coaching intervention used to support care of patient crises and discharge transitions.
- Open AccessPlacental Abruption and Child MortalityOuti Riihimäki, Marjo Metsäranta, Jorma Paavonen, Tiina Luukkaala, Mika Gissler, Sture Andersson, Mika Nuutila, Minna TikkanenPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20173915; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3915
On the basis of high-quality Finnish register data, we demonstrate a significant impact of placental abruption on overall offspring mortality, even beyond the perinatal period.
- Open AccessHeterotaxy Syndrome and Intestinal Rotation AbnormalitiesLindsay M. Ryerson, Scott Pharis, Charissa Pockett, Reeni Soni, Deborah Fruitman, Kristine J. Guleserian, Melissa Nater, Stephen C Raynor, Andrew S. Mackie, Bryan DickenPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20174267; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4267
In this study, 72% of evaluated infants with HS had IRAs. There was no failure of expectant management resulting in midgut volvulus.
- Open AccessThe National Opioid Epidemic and the Risk of Outpatient Opioids in ChildrenElliot J. Krane, Steven J. Weisman, Gary A. WalcoPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20181623; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1623
From the American Academy of Pediatrics
- Open AccessPhysician’s Role in Coordinating Care of Hospitalized ChildrenDaniel A. Rauch, COMMITTEE ON HOSPITAL CARE, SECTION ON HOSPITAL MEDICINEPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20181503; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1503
- Open AccessThe Eye Examination in the Evaluation of Child AbuseCindy W. Christian, Alex V. Levin, COUNCIL ON CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT, SECTION ON OPHTHALMOLOGY, AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF CERTIFIED ORTHOPTISTS, AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR PEDIATRIC OPHTHALMOLOGY AND STRABISMUS, AMERICAN ACADEMY OF OPHTHALMOLOGYPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20181411; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1411
- Open AccessCounseling in Pediatric Populations at Risk for Infertility and/or Sexual Function ConcernsLeena Nahata, Gwendolyn P. Quinn, Amy C. Tishelman, SECTION ON ENDOCRINOLOGYPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20181435; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1435
- Open AccessA “#MeToo Movement” for Children: Increasing Awareness of Sexual Violence Against ChildrenNickolas T. Agathis, Carolyn Payne, Jean L. RaphaelPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20180634; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0634
- Open AccessDisorders of Sex Development/Intersex: Gaps in Psychosocial Care for ChildrenMichelle M. Ernst, Lih-Mei Liao, Arlene B. Baratz, David E. SandbergPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20174045; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4045
- Open AccessTransitioning From “Sick Kid” to Community Health Worker: Building Better Bridges to Adult CareKatherine Wu, Dava Szalda, Symme Trachtenberg, Sophia JanPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20180962; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0962
- Open AccessAngel Unaware and Down Syndrome AwarenessH. Hughes Evans, Sarah T. RicePediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20173553; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3553
Dale Evans’ 1953 book, Angel Unaware, called for a new appreciation of children with DS and led to changes in attitudes regarding the condition.
- Open AccessLanguage Disorders and Problem Behaviors: A Meta-analysisPhilip R. Curtis, Jennifer R. Frey, Cristina D. Watson, Lauren H. Hampton, Megan Y. RobertsPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20173551; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3551
We meta-analyzed 47 studies in which authors investigated the association between language disorders and problem behaviors and found a moderate effect size that changes over development.
- Open AccessChildren’s Perspectives on Living With a Sibling With a Chronic IllnessAntoinette Deavin, Pete Greasley, Clare DixonPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20174151; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4151
In this review, we synthesize the experiences of healthy siblings living with a sibling who has a PCI, producing 2 overarching themes and 5 subthemes.
- Open AccessHuman and Bovine Colostrum for Prevention of Necrotizing Enterocolitis: A Meta-analysisBehnam Sadeghirad, Rebecca L. Morgan, Dena Zeraatkar, Adriana M. Zea, Rachel Couban, Bradley C. Johnston, Ivan D. FlorezPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20180767; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0767
In this study, we summarized the evidence of effectiveness and safety for human and bovine colostrum for prevention of NEC in preterm infants.
State-of-the-Art Review Article
- Open AccessPediatricians and Global Health: Opportunities and Considerations for Meaningful EngagementGitanjli Arora, Emily Esmaili, Michael B. Pitt, Andrea Green, Lisa Umphrey, Sabrina M. Butteris, Nicole E. St Clair, Maneesh Batra, Cliff O’Callahan, on behalf of the Global Health Task Force of the American Board of PediatricsPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20172964; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2964
In this review, we describe opportunities, resources, and important personal and professional considerations for US-based pediatric practitioners who are engaged in GCH.
- Open AccessResearch Consent at the Age of Majority: Preferable but not ObligatoryKyle B. Brothers, Benjamin S. WilfondPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20173038; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3038
There are important reasons for researchers to seek consent when participants turn 18 years old, but these must be balanced with scientific priorities.
- Open AccessReconsidering the Need for Reconsent at 18Benjamin E. Berkman, Dana Howard, David WendlerPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20171202; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1202
In this article, we challenge the prevailing view that researchers must attempt to obtain consent at 18 years of age to continue doing research with stored samples.
- Open AccessSuccessful Chest Radiograph Reduction by Using Quality Improvement Methodology for Children With AsthmaCaroline S. Watnick, Donald H. Arnold, Richard Latuska, Michael O’Connor, David P. JohnsonPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20174003; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4003
Through QI methodology and targeted interventions, we describe the achievement of sustained CXR reduction for pediatric patients with acute asthma exacerbations.
- Open AccessIntegrating Psychological Screening Into Medical Care for Youth With Abdominal PainNatoshia R. Cunningham, Erin Moorman, Courtney M. Brown, Daniel Mallon, Pavan K. Chundi, Constance A. Mara, Scott Pentiuk, Anne M. Lynch-Jordan, Dana M.H. Dykes, Julie Elfers, Michael K. FarrellPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20172876; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2876
This project reveals how to increase psychological screening rates for youth with abdominal pain and improve care for such youth on the basis of screening results.
- Open AccessRectal Levothyroxine for the Treatment of Hypothyroidism: A Case StudyMarina Ybarra, Tiago Jeronimo dos Santos, Claudia Teixeira Cabido Pinheiro, Vaê Dichtchekenian, Durval DamianiPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20173317; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3317
Hypothyroidism requires treatment to prevent complications. When absolute fasting is needed, an alternative route of drug administration is warranted. Rectal L-T4 is a possible alternative.
- Open AccessNonalimental Scurvy With Relapse Symptoms After Stopping Oral Vitamin C SupplementationNina Vaezipour, Kurt LeibundgutPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20172139; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2139
On the basis of a history of a child with scurvy showing relapse symptoms after stopping treatment, we capture possible individual differences of vitamin C homeostasis.
- Open AccessOlson KR, Durwood L, McLaughlin KA. Mental Health of Transgender Children Who Are Supported in Their Identities. Pediatrics. 2016;137(3):e20153223Pediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20181436; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1436
Letters to the Editor
- Open AccessAntibiotic Stewardship and the Diagnosis of UTI in Children With Neurogenic BladdersAnnabelle de St. Maurice, Zachary Willis, Sherry RossPediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20181481A; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1481A
- Open AccessManagement of Type 1 Diabetes With a Very Low–Carbohydrate Diet: A Word of CautionElizabeth J. Mayer-Davis, Lori M. Laffel, John B. BusePediatrics Aug 2018, 142 (2) e20181536B; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1536B