April 2018, VOLUME 141 / ISSUE 4
Table of Contents
- Open AccessInfluenza-Associated Pediatric Deaths in the United States, 2010–2016Mei Shang, Lenee Blanton, Lynnette Brammer, Sonja J. Olsen, Alicia M. FryPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20172918; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2918
Children <2 years old had the highest influenza-associated pediatric mortality in the United States from 2010 to 2016. Half of the deaths occurred in previously healthy children.
- Open AccessOpioid-Related Critical Care Resource Use in US Children’s HospitalsJason M. Kane, Jeffrey D. Colvin, Allison H. Bartlett, Matt HallPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20173335; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3335
In this study, we use data from the PHIS to characterize the impact of the US opioid epidemic on PICU resources.
- Open AccessA Summer Nutrition Benefit Pilot Program and Low-income Children’s Food SecurityAnn M. Collins, Jacob A. Klerman, Ronette Briefel, Gretchen Rowe, Anne R. Gordon, Christopher W. Logan, Anne Wolf, Stephen H. BellPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20171657; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1657
Moderate amounts of summer food assistance ($60 per school-aged child per month) reduce VLFS-C by one-third.
- Open AccessPredicting Teen Dating Violence PerpetrationJoseph R. Cohen, Ryan C. Shorey, Suvarna V. Menon, Jeff R. TemplePediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20172790; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2790
We leverage the significant gains made by basic research concerning TDV into the first empirically based assessment tools for prospective TDV perpetration.
- Open AccessTeen Pregnancy Risk Factors Among Young Women of Diverse Sexual OrientationsBrittany M. Charlton, Andrea L. Roberts, Margaret Rosario, Sabra L. Katz-Wise, Jerel P. Calzo, Donna Spiegelman, S. Bryn AustinPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20172278; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2278
Using longitudinal GUTS data, we examined teen pregnancy risk factors across sexual orientation groups and risk factors unique to sexual minorities.
- Open AccessEmotional Health Among Youth Experiencing Family HomelessnessAndrew J. Barnes, Jace Gilbertson, Debanjana ChatterjeePediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20171767; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1767
In 4594 children with family homelessness, elevated emotional health risks were mitigated by developmental assets but not to the same extent as for nonhomeless youth.
- Open AccessSuicide After Deliberate Self-Harm in Adolescents and Young AdultsMark Olfson, Melanie Wall, Shuai Wang, Stephen Crystal, Jeffrey A. Bridge, Shang-Min Liu, Carlos BlancoPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20173517; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3517
According to the results of this national claims-based analysis, adolescents and young adults are at high risk for repeated self-harm and suicide in the first year after self-harm.
- Open AccessIntergenerational Transmission of Parent Encouragement to Diet From Adolescence Into AdulthoodJerica M. Berge, Megan R. Winkler, Nicole Larson, Jonathan Miller, Ann F. Haynos, Dianne Neumark-SztainerPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20172955; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2955
In this study, the authors examined parent encouragement to diet in adolescence and weight-related and emotional health outcomes in adulthood and whether intergenerational transmission of encouragement to diet occurred.
- Open AccessLength of Stay and Cost of Pediatric ReadmissionsJessica L. Markham, Matt Hall, James C. Gay, Jessica L. Bettenhausen, Jay G. BerryPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20172934; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2934
This study is a retrospective analysis of the cumulative impact of LOS and cost of pediatric readmissions on health care resource use conducted by using the NRD.
- Open AccessAnxiety and Mood Disorder in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder and ADHDEliza Gordon-Lipkin, Alison R. Marvin, J. Kiely Law, Paul H. LipkinPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20171377; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1377
In 3319 children with ASD, those with ADHD had an increased risk of anxiety and mood disorders and higher autism severity scores.
- Open AccessMaternal Adverse Childhood Experiences and Infant DevelopmentNicole Racine, Andre Plamondon, Sheri Madigan, Sheila McDonald, Suzanne ToughPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20172495; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2495
Using a longitudinal cohort of 1994 women, the authors of this study capture mechanisms of transmission of maternal ACEs to offspring development.
- Open AccessParental Adverse Childhood Experiences and Offspring Development at 2 Years of AgeAlonzo T. Folger, Emily A. Eismann, Nicole B. Stephenson, Robert A. Shapiro, Maurizio Macaluso, Maggie E. Brownrigg, Robert J. GillespiePediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20172826; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2826
In a suburban pediatric primary care population, maternal and paternal ACEs were associated with an increased risk for offspring developmental delay at 24 months.
- Open AccessParental Adverse Childhood Experiences and Resilience on Coping After DischargeAnita N. Shah, Andrew F. Beck, Heidi J. Sucharew, Stacey Litman, Cory Pfefferman, Julianne Haney, Samir S. Shah, Jeffrey M. Simmons, Katherine A. Auger, on behalf of the H2O Study GroupPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20172127; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2127
This study evaluates the association between parental adverse experiences and resilience and coping difficulty after pediatric discharge.
- Open AccessPoverty, Transportation Access, and Medication NonadherenceCaroline Hensley, Pamela C. Heaton, Robert S. Kahn, Heidi R. Luder, Stacey M. Frede, Andrew F. BeckPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20173402; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3402
PMN varies significantly across 1 metropolitan area. Pharmacies can be key collaborators within communities focused on improving population health.
- Open AccessDevelopment and Validation of a Novel Pediatric Appendicitis Risk Calculator (pARC)Anupam B. Kharbanda, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Dustin W. Ballard, David R. Vinson, Uli K. Chettipally, Mamata V. Kene, Steven P. Dehmer, Richard G. Bachur, Peter S. Dayan, Nathan Kuppermann, Patrick J. O’Connor, Elyse O. KharbandaPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20172699; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2699
In this study, we develop and validate a new score that can be used to accurately quantify risk for appendicitis.
- Open AccessSports Sponsorships of Food and Nonalcoholic BeveragesMarie A. Bragg, Alysa N. Miller, Christina A. Roberto, Rachel Sam, Vishnudas Sarda, Jennifer L. Harris, Kelly D. BrownellPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20172822; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2822
The authors of this study identify professional sports organization sponsorships, quantify food and nonalcoholic beverage sponsorships, analyze nutrition information, and determine the number of YouTube advertisement views.
- Open AccessIncidence and Costs of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Among Infants With Medicaid: 2004–2014Tyler N.A. Winkelman, Nicole Villapiano, Katy B. Kozhimannil, Matthew M. Davis, Stephen W. PatrickPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20173520; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3520
This study examines the incidence and costs of NAS among infants covered by Medicaid in the United States.
- Open AccessMotor Impairment Trends in Extremely Preterm Children: 1991–2005Alicia J. Spittle, Kate Cameron, Lex W. Doyle, Jeanie L. Cheong, for the Victorian Infant Collaborative Study GroupPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20173410; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3410
Motor function at 8 years of age in preterm children born in 2005 is deteriorating compared with 2 cohorts of preterm children born in the 1990s.
- Open AccessAdolescent Exposure to Toxic Volatile Organic Chemicals From E-CigarettesMark L. Rubinstein, Kevin Delucchi, Neal L. Benowitz, Danielle E. RamoPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20173557; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3557
Given the urgent need to understand the safety of e-cigarettes in adolescents, we sought to identify exposure to toxicants associated with e-cigarette use among adolescents.
- Open AccessElectronic Cigarette Use and Progression From Experimentation to Established SmokingBenjamin W. Chaffee, Shannon Lea Watkins, Stanton A. GlantzPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20173594; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3594
Among adolescents who experimented with cigarettes, trying e-cigarettes was associated with 1.8 times higher odds of progression to established cigarette smoking in a national prospective cohort.
- Open AccessSelf-Identified Tobacco Use and Harm Perceptions Among US YouthIsrael Agaku, Satomi Odani, Constantine Vardavas, Linda NeffPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20173523; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3523
In this study, we investigated whether adolescent users of conventional and novel tobacco products consider themselves users of “any tobacco product” or perceive their products as harmful.
- Open AccessVomiting With Head Trauma and Risk of Traumatic Brain InjuryMeredith L. Borland, Stuart R. Dalziel, Natalie Phillips, Sarah Dalton, Mark D. Lyttle, Silvia Bressan, Ed Oakley, Stephen J.C. Hearps, Amit Kochar, Jeremy Furyk, John A. Cheek, Jocelyn Neutze, Franz E. Babl, on behalf of the Paediatric Research in Emergency Department International Collaborative groupPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20173123; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3123
This is a prospective study of vomiting in children with head injury presenting to pediatric EDs and delineated factors that increase the risk of traumatic brain injury.
- Open AccessPediatric Hoverboard and Skateboard InjuriesSean Bandzar, Daniel G. Funsch, Rex Hermansen, Seema Gupta, Andrew BandzarPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20171253; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1253
There is little literature regarding hoverboard injuries among children. In this article, we describe children with hoverboard injuries who present to the ED and compare them with those with skateboard injuries.
- Open AccessHypothyroidism and Iodine Deficiency in Children on Chronic Parenteral NutritionChijioke Ikomi, Conrad R. Cole, Emily Vale, Marjorie Golekoh, Jane C. Khoury, Nana-Hawa Yayah JonesPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20173046; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3046
In this study, the authors highlight the increased prevalence of hypothyroidism in children on chronic PN.
- Open AccessMobile Phone Incentives for Childhood Immunizations in Rural IndiaRajeev Seth, Ibukunoluwa Akinboyo, Ankur Chhabra, Yawar Qaiyum, Anita Shet, Nikhil Gupte, Ajay K. Jain, Sanjay K. JainPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20173455; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3455
The delivery of automated compliance-linked mobile phone incentives via a cloud-based, biometric-linked record and reminder software platform improves childhood immunizations in rural India.
- Open AccessChanges in Parental Hopes for Seriously Ill ChildrenDouglas L. Hill, Pamela G. Nathanson, Karen W. Carroll, Theodore E. Schall, Victoria A. Miller, Chris FeudtnerPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20173549; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3549
Parents of seriously ill children reported hopes over time. The specific hopes and domains vary over time, although most hopes fell within 4 major areas.
- Open AccessWhat a Summer Nutrition Benefit Program Could Mean for Clinicians and Their PatientsDeepak Palakshappa, Joseph A. SkeltonPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20172701; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2701
- Open AccessTo Screen or Not to Screen: Overreliance on Risk Without Protective Factors in Violence ResearchIdia B. Thurston, Kathryn H. HowellPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20180075; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0075
- Open AccessParenting in an Obesogenic Environment: Ghosts at the Dinner TableKatherine W. Bauer, Julie C. Lumeng, Kendrin R. SonnevillePediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20180233; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0233
- Open AccessNew Resources and Strategies to Advance the AAP’s Values of Diversity, Inclusion, and Health EquityFernando Stein, Karen Remley, Danielle Laraque-Arena, DeWayne M. PursleyPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20180177; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0177
From the American Academy of Pediatrics
- Open AccessSquaring the Curve of Cardiovascular Health From the Beginning of LifeAmanda M. Perak, Bradley S. Marino, Sarah D. de FerrantiPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20172075; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2075
- Open AccessConcerns Regarding the Single Operator Model of Sedation in Young ChildrenRita Agarwal, Anna Kaplan, Raeford Brown, Charles J. CotéPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20172344; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2344
- Open AccessPsychosocial Effects of Parent-Child Book Reading Interventions: A Meta-analysisQian-Wen Xie, Celia H.Y. Chan, Qingying Ji, Cecilia L.W. ChanPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20172675; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2675
In this meta-analysis of 19 interventions, we suggest that PCBR interventions positively and significantly impact the psychosocial functioning of both parents and children.
- Open AccessHormonal Treatment in Young People With Gender Dysphoria: A Systematic ReviewDenise Chew, Jemma Anderson, Katrina Williams, Tamara May, Kenneth PangPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20173742; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3742
In this review, we examine the physical, cognitive, and psychosocial effects of common hormonal interventions used to treat GD in young transgender individuals.
- Open AccessStimulation Interventions and Parenting in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Meta-analysisJoshua Jeong, Helen O. Pitchik, Aisha K. YousafzaiPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20173510; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3510
In this systematic review and meta-analysis, the medium-to-large effects of early childhood stimulation interventions on improving parenting outcomes in LMICs are demonstrated.
State-of-the-Art Review Article
- Open AccessThe Role of the Microbiome in the Developmental Origins of Health and DiseaseLeah T. Stiemsma, Karin B. MichelsPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20172437; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2437
Early-life transient dysbiosis has long-lasting effects on human health, suggesting a role of the microbiome in the DOHaD.
- Open AccessEnhancing Health IT Functionality for Children: The 2015 Children’s EHR FormatJonathan S. Wald, Saira N. Haque, Stephanie Rizk, Jennifer R. Webb, Stephen Brown, Shellery Ebron, Christoph U. Lehmann, Mark Frisse, Vanessa A. Shorte, Edwin A. Lomotan, Barbara A. Dailey, Kevin B. JohnsonPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20163894; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-3894
In this article, we present high-priority EHR functional requirements important for the care of children to identify and align stakeholder priorities.
- Open AccessPlease Test My Child for a Cancer Gene, but Don’t Tell HerJohan Bester, Maya Sabatello, Clara D.M. van Karnebeek, John D. LantosPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20172238; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2238
A mother requests that her 11-year-old daughter be secretly tested for LFS and only told of the testing if the results are positive.
- Open AccessOhio Perinatal Quality Collaborative Improves Care of Neonatal Narcotic Abstinence SyndromeMichele C. Walsh, Moira Crowley, Scott Wexelblatt, Susan Ford, Pierce Kuhnell, Heather C. Kaplan, Richard McClead, Maurizio Macaluso, Carole Lannon, for the Ohio Perinatal Quality CollaborativePediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20170900; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0900
Three thousand two hundred sixty-six infants were managed after in-utero narcotic exposure. This was a multimodal QI project for reduced duration of opioid treatment and hospital stay. Others can replicate these outcomes.
- Open AccessProvider Communication, Prompts, and Feedback to Improve HPV Vaccination Rates in Resident ClinicsCynthia M. Rand, Stanley J. Schaffer, Nui Dhepyasuwan, Aaron Blumkin, Christina Albertin, Janet R. Serwint, Paul M. Darden, Sharon G. Humiston, Keith J. Mann, William Stratbucker, Peter G. SzilagyiPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20170498; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0498
A bundled intervention of provider prompts and training in communication skills plus performance feedback increased captured opportunities for HPV vaccination in 8 continuity clinics.
- Open AccessClinical Monitoring of Well-Appearing Infants Born to Mothers With ChorioamnionitisNeha S. Joshi, Arun Gupta, Jessica M. Allan, Ronald S. Cohen, Janelle L. Aby, Brittany Weldon, Juliann L. Kim, William E. Benitz, Adam FrymoyerPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20172056; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2056
Within a QI framework, a management approach focused on clinical presentation to determine the need for antibiotics was implemented in chorioamnionitis-exposed infants.
Letters to the Editor
- Open AccessRe: Disparities Between Parental Expectations and Pediatric Antibiotic PrescribingKerry LaPlante, Marc L. Hutchison, Amy B. St. AmandPediatrics Apr 2018, 141 (4) e20180065; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0065