February 2018, VOLUME 141 / ISSUE 2
Table of Contents
- Open AccessClinical Decision Support for Recognition and Management of Hypertension: A Randomized TrialElyse O. Kharbanda, Steve E. Asche, Alan R. Sinaiko, Heidi L. Ekstrom, James D. Nordin, Nancy E. Sherwood, Patricia L. Fontaine, Steven P. Dehmer, Deepika Appana, Patrick O’ConnorPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20172954; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2954
In this cluster-randomized trial conducted in a large health system, an EHR-linked CDS improved the recognition and guideline-adherent management of hypertension.
- Open AccessAccuracy of the Urinalysis for Urinary Tract Infections in Febrile Infants 60 Days and YoungerLeah Tzimenatos, Prashant Mahajan, Peter S. Dayan, Melissa Vitale, James G. Linakis, Stephen Blumberg, Dominic Borgialli, Richard M. Ruddy, John Van Buren, Octavio Ramilo, Nathan Kuppermann, for the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN)Pediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20173068; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3068
This prospective study reveals the accuracy of the urinalysis for diagnosing UTIs in febrile infants 60 days and younger with and without bacteremia.
- Open AccessUnstable Housing and Caregiver and Child Health in Renter FamiliesMegan Sandel, Richard Sheward, Stephanie Ettinger de Cuba, Sharon M. Coleman, Deborah A. Frank, Mariana Chilton, Maureen Black, Timothy Heeren, Justin Pasquariello, Patrick Casey, Eduardo Ochoa, Diana CuttsPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20172199; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2199
In this study, we demonstrate associations between housing instability and the health of young children and their caregivers among low-income families in rental housing.
- Open AccessInjury and Mortality Among Children Identified as at High Risk of MaltreatmentRhema Vaithianathan, Bénédicte Rouland, Emily Putnam-HornsteinPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20172882; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2882
In this study, we use administrative data to document elevated rates of injury and mortality for children identified at birth as at high risk of child protection involvement.
- Open AccessPrevalence and Risk Factors for Microcephaly at Birth in Brazil in 2010Antônio A. Silva, Marco A. Barbieri, Maria T. Alves, Carolina A. Carvalho, Rosângela F. Batista, Marizélia R. Ribeiro, Fernando Lamy-Filho, Zeni C. Lamy, Viviane C. Cardoso, Ricardo C. Cavalli, Vanda M. Simões, Heloisa BettiolPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20170589; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0589
Before the Zika virus epidemic, microcephaly was endemic in Brazil and was associated with IUGR and sociodemographic, reproductive, and lifestyle variables.
- Open AccessOnline Tobacco Marketing and Subsequent Tobacco UseSamir Soneji, JaeWon Yang, Kristin E. Knutzen, Meghan Bridgid Moran, Andy S.L. Tan, James Sargent, Kelvin ChoiPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20172927; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2927
In this article, we assess whether engagement with online tobacco marketing is a risk factor for tobacco use initiation, increased frequency of use, progression to poly-product use, and cessation.
- Open AccessRace, Preoperative Risk Factors, and Death After SurgeryOguz Akbilgic, Max Raymond Langham, Robert Lowell DavisPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20172221; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2221
By using a large nationwide cohort, the authors of this article improve our understanding of racial disparities in surgical outcomes in children.
- Open AccessA Home Visiting Parenting Program and Child Obesity: A Randomized TrialMonica Roosa Ordway, Lois S. Sadler, Margaret L. Holland, Arietta Slade, Nancy Close, Linda C. MayesPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20171076; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1076
The positive effects of a 27-month home visiting parenting program on overweight and obesity among 2-year-old children living in lower-income urban homes.
- Open AccessCardiovascular Risk Factors After Adolescent Bariatric SurgeryMarc P. Michalsky, Thomas H. Inge, Todd M. Jenkins, Changchun Xie, Anita Courcoulas, Michael Helmrath, Mary L. Brandt, Carroll M. Harmon, Mike Chen, John B. Dixon, Elaine M. Urbina, for the Teen-LABS ConsortiumPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20172485; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2485
In adolescents undergoing bariatric surgery, girls, those with greater weight loss, and younger individuals had greater improvements in multiple CVD-RFs.
- Open AccessRhinovirus in Febrile Infants and Risk of Bacterial InfectionAnne J. Blaschke, E. Kent Korgenski, Jacob Wilkes, Angela P. Presson, Emily A. Thorell, Andrew T. Pavia, Elizabeth D. Knackstedt, Carolyn Reynolds, Jeff E. Schunk, Judy A. Daly, Carrie L. ByingtonPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20172384; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2384
HRV detection does not alter the risk of UTI in febrile infants at any age or the risk of invasive infection in those 1 to 28 days old.
- Open AccessHerpes Simplex Virus Infection in Infants Undergoing Meningitis EvaluationAndrea T. Cruz, Stephen B. Freedman, Dina M. Kulik, Pamela J. Okada, Alesia H. Fleming, Rakesh D. Mistry, Joanna E. Thomson, David Schnadower, Joseph L. Arms, Prashant Mahajan, Aris C. Garro, Christopher M. Pruitt, Fran Balamuth, Neil G. Uspal, Paul L. Aronson, Todd W. Lyons, Amy D. Thompson, Sarah J. Curtis, Paul T. Ishimine, Suzanne M. Schmidt, Stuart A. Bradin, Kendra L. Grether-Jones, Aaron S. Miller, Jeffrey Louie, Samir S. Shah, Lise E. Nigrovic, the HSV Study Group of the Pediatric Emergency Medicine Collaborative Research CommitteePediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20171688; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1688
In this study, HSV infection was identified in 0.42% of 26 533 encounters in 0 to 60-day-old infants being evaluated by LP for CNS infection.
- Open AccessCost-effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Depressed Youth Declining AntidepressantsJohn F. Dickerson, Frances L. Lynch, Michael C. Leo, Lynn L. DeBar, John Pearson, Gregory N. ClarkePediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20171969; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1969
We evaluated whether a CBT program was cost-effective for youth with depression who decline ADs. We found the program to be cost-effective and likely to generate cost savings.
- Open AccessCompletion Rate and Safety of Tuberculosis Infection Treatment With Shorter RegimensAndrea T. Cruz, Jeffrey R. StarkePediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20172838; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2838
We have found that shorter regimens for TB infection (3HP or 4R) are safe and have higher completion rates than 9H.
- Open AccessOutcome of Preterm Infants With Postnatal Cytomegalovirus InfectionJulia Gunkel, Linda S. de Vries, Marian Jongmans, Corine Koopman-Esseboom, Ingrid C. van Haastert, Maria C.J. Eijsermans, Carolien van Stam, Bert G.A. van Zanten, Tom F.W. Wolfs, Joppe NijmanPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20170635; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0635
In this prospective study, we investigate neurodevelopmental outcomes, including hearing, of a large cohort of preterm infants with pCMV infection until early childhood.
- Open AccessMorbidity and Mortality in Small for Gestational Age Infants at 22 to 29 Weeks’ GestationNansi S. Boghossian, Marco Geraci, Erika M. Edwards, Jeffrey D. HorbarPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20172533; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2533
SGA for infants born from 22 to 29 weeks’ gestation is associated with increased risks of mortality and several morbidities, but these risks differ across the GA range.
- Open AccessNeonatal Morbidity at Term, Early Child Development, and School Performance: A Population StudyJason P. Bentley, Francisco J. Schneuer, Samantha J. Lain, Andrew J. Martin, Adrienne Gordon, Natasha NassarPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20171726; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1726
Linked, population-based birth, development, and school performance data were used to estimate the impact of neonatal morbidity among term infants on neurodevelopment at ages 4 to 9 years.
- Open AccessDevelopmental Disability at School Age and Difficulty Obtaining Follow-up DataLex W. Doyle, Peter J. Anderson, Alice Burnett, Catherine Callanan, Marion McDonald, Marie Hayes, Gillian Opie, Elizabeth Carse, Jeanie L.Y. Cheong, for the Victorian Infant Collaborative Study (VICS) GroupPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20173102; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3102
Difficulty in getting children to get to attend for research follow-up and lower follow-up rates are associated with more neurodevelopmental disability at school age.
- Open AccessPlacental Findings and Effect of Prophylactic Hydrocortisone in Extremely Preterm InfantsAlice Héneau, Fabien Guimiot, Damir Mohamed, Aline Rideau Batista Novais, Corinne Alberti, Olivier Baud, for the PREMILOC Trial study groupPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20171788; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1788
In this article, we report the relationship between histological findings of the placenta and neonatal outcomes of extremely preterm infants with and without early postnatal hydrocortisone treatment.
- Open AccessPediatric Sports- and Recreation-Related Eye Injuries Treated in US Emergency DepartmentsKrystin N. Miller, Christy L. Collins, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Gary A. SmithPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20173083; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3083
This study investigates the characteristics and trends of pediatric sports- and recreation-related eye injuries during a 23-year period by using a nationally representative ED database.
- Open AccessCardiac Arrest Survival in Pediatric and General Emergency DepartmentsKenneth A. Michelson, Joel D. Hudgins, Michael C. Monuteaux, Richard G. Bachur, Jonathan A. FinkelsteinPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20172741; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2741
Survival in OHCA is higher in pediatric EDs than general EDs.
- Open AccessPre-Zika Microcephaly in Brazil: Closer to the Elusive Baseline and New Questions RaisedElizabeth Dufort, Jennifer WhitePediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20173811; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3811
- Open AccessSurgical Mortality and Race as a Risk Factor: A Compass, Not a DestinationNia Heard-Garris, Ekene Onwuka, Matthew M. DavisPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20173894; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3894
- Open AccessNeonatal HSV Disease: Balancing the Low Incidence With the Need to Treat PromptlySanjay Mahant, Jay G. Berry, David W. KimberlinPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20173647; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3647
- Open AccessChoosing Better: Standard of Care Should Be Data-driven, Not Just Habit-formingLauren LaRue Walker, Ricardo QuinonezPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20173859; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3859
From the American Academy of Pediatrics
- Open AccessAdvocacy for Improving Nutrition in the First 1000 Days to Support Childhood Development and Adult HealthSarah Jane Schwarzenberg, Michael K. Georgieff, COMMITTEE ON NUTRITIONPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20173716; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3716
- Open AccessPediatricians and Public Health: Optimizing the Health and Well-Being of the Nation’s ChildrenAlice A. Kuo, Pauline A. Thomas, Lance A. Chilton, Laurene Mascola, COUNCIL ON COMMUNITY PEDIATRICS, SECTION ON EPIDEMIOLOGY, PUBLIC HEALTH, AND EVIDENCEPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20173848; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3848
- Open Access“The Talk,” Physician Version: Special Considerations for African American, Male AdolescentsTerry Maroney, Barry ZuckermanPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20171462; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1462
- Open AccessThe Contribution of Neonatal Jaundice to Global Child Mortality: Findings From the GBD 2016 StudyBolajoko O. Olusanya, Stephanie Teeple, Nicholas J. KassebaumPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20171471; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1471
- Open AccessReducing Unnecessary Imaging and Pathology Tests: A Systematic ReviewHarriet Hiscock, Rachel Jane Neely, Hayley Warren, Jason Soon, Andrew GeorgiouPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20172862; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2862
Reducing LVC is a priority. In this systematic review, we summarize current evidence for how best to reduce unnecessary imaging and pathology testing in children.
- Open AccessAcid-Suppressive Drug Use During Pregnancy and the Risk of Childhood Asthma: A Meta-analysisTianwen Lai, Mindan Wu, Juan Liu, Man Luo, Lulu He, Xiaohui Wang, Bin Wu, Songmin Ying, Zhihua Chen, Wen Li, Huahao ShenPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20170889; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0889
Prenatal, maternal, acid-suppressive drug use was associated with an increased risk of childhood asthma.
- Open AccessNeurodevelopment in Young Children Born to HIV-Infected Mothers: A Meta-analysisMegan S. McHenry, Carole I. McAteer, Eren Oyungu, Brenna C. McDonald, Chris B. Bosma, Philani B. Mpofu, Andrew R. Deathe, Rachel C. VreemanPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20172888; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2888
In this review, we report worse developmental outcomes in both HIV+ and HEU children compared with HUU children.
State-of-the-Art Review Article
- Open AccessMonitoring the Postnatal Growth of Preterm Infants: A Paradigm ChangeJose Villar, Francesca Giuliani, Fernando Barros, Paola Roggero, Irma Alejandra Coronado Zarco, Maria Albertina S. Rego, Roseline Ochieng, Maria Lorella Gianni, Suman Rao, Ann Lambert, Irina Ryumina, Carl Britto, Deepak Chawla, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Syed Rehan Ali, Jane Hirst, Jagjit Singh Teji, Karim Abawi, Jacqueline Asibey, Josephine Agyeman-Duah, Kenny McCormick, Enrico Bertino, Aris T. Papageorghiou, Josep Figueras-Aloy, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Stephen KennedyPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20172467; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2467
There is no evidence that preterm postnatal growth should mimic that of healthy fetuses. It is seldom achieved and creates extrauterine growth–restricted or overfat infants.
- Open AccessShould Pediatric Euthanasia be Legalized?Marije Brouwer, Christopher Kaczor, Margaret P. Battin, Els Maeckelberghe, John D. Lantos, Eduard VerhagenPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20171343; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1343
Belgium recently legalized pediatric euthanasia. The Netherlands is considering a similar policy. Should they?
- Open AccessMultisite Emergency Department Inpatient Collaborative to Reduce Unnecessary Bronchiolitis CareGrant M. Mussman, Michele Lossius, Faiza Wasif, Jeffrey Bennett, Kristin A. Shadman, Susan C. Walley, Lauren Destino, Elizabeth Nichols, Shawn L. RalstonPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20170830; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0830
The collaboration between ED and IP units was associated with decreased use of unnecessary tests and therapies for bronchiolitis in a 35-hospital QI study.
- Open AccessImplementation and Improvement of Pediatric Asthma Guideline Improves Hospital-Based CareDavid P. Johnson, Donald H. Arnold, James C. Gay, Alison Grisso, Michael G. O’Connor, Ellen O’Kelley, Paul E. MoorePediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20171630; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1630
The implementation and continuous improvement of an asthma CPG led to improved efficiency throughout a hospital, including in the ED, inpatient, and ICU care.
- Open AccessGranuloma Glutaeale Infantum: A Re-emerging Complication of Diaper DermatitisRita Ramos Pinheiro, Eugénia Matos-Pires, Juliana Baptista, André LencastrePediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20162064; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-2064
The etiological role of reusable diapers in the recent re-emergence of severe DD complications has been increasingly recognized. TCIs may be an effective treatment.
- Open AccessA Case of Cardiomyopathy Due to Premature Ductus Arteriosus Closure: The Flip Side of ParacetamolIngrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Mario Giuffrè, Ettore Piro, Simona La Placa, Giovanni CorselloPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20163850; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-3850
APAP is not always a safe analgesic. If closed DA, cardiomyopathy, and right-heart dysfunction are detected at birth, its prenatal assumption should be sought.
- Open AccessFulminant Nocardiosis Due to a Multidrug-Resistant Isolate in a 12-Year-Old Immunocompetent ChildOlivia Senard, Stéphane Blanot, Gregory Jouvion, Véronica Rodriguez-Nava, Olivier Lortholary, Olivier Join-Lambert, Julie ToubianaPediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20163131; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-3131
This challenging form of invasive nocardiosis highlights the importance of promptly considering this diagnosis when facing a multiple-organ infection and identifying species for treatment optimization.
AAP Meeting Abstracts
Letter to the Editor
- Open AccessBreuner CC, Levine DA; AAP Committee on Adolescence. Adolescent and Young Adult Tattooing, Piercing, and Scarification. Pediatrics. 2017;140(4):e20171962Pediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20173630; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3630
- Open AccessKassa H, Moon RY, Colvin JD. Risk Factors for Sleep-Related Infant Deaths in In-Home and Out-of-Home Settings. Pediatrics. 2016;138(5):e20161124Pediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20173633; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3633
- Open AccessBoppana SB, Fowler KB. Insight Into Long-term Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Asymptomatic Congenital CMV Infection. Pediatrics. 2017;140(5):e20172526Pediatrics Feb 2018, 141 (2) e20173648; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3648