January 2018, VOLUME 141 / ISSUE 1
Table of Contents
- Open AccessTrajectories of E-Cigarette and Conventional Cigarette Use Among YouthKrysten W. Bold, Grace Kong, Deepa R. Camenga, Patricia Simon, Dana A. Cavallo, Meghan E. Morean, Suchitra Krishnan-SarinPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20171832; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1832
In this study, we examine predictive longitudinal relationships between past-month cigarette and e-cigarette use across 3 waves by using high school survey data.
- Open AccessPersistent Opioid Use Among Pediatric Patients After SurgeryCalista M. Harbaugh, Jay S. Lee, Hsou Mei Hu, Sean Esteban McCabe, Terri Voepel-Lewis, Michael J. Englesbe, Chad M. Brummett, Jennifer F. WaljeePediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20172439; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2439
Through a national sample of adolescents and young adults, we investigated the incidence of persistent opioid use after common pediatric surgeries.
- Open AccessExemptions From Mandatory Immunization After Legally Mandated Parental CounselingSaad B. Omer, Kristen Allen, D.H. Chang, L. Beryl Guterman, Robert A. Bednarczyk, Alex Jordan, Alison Buttenheim, Malia Jones, Claire Hannan, M. Patricia deHart, Daniel A. SalmonPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20172364; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2364
This article is the first in which the impact of parental counseling and signature requirements for obtaining vaccine exemptions at the state-level has been evaluated.
- Open AccessThe Missing Siblings of Infants Born PretermSuvi Alenius, Eero Kajantie, Reijo Sund, Pieta Näsänen-Gilmore, Marja Vääräsmäki, Mika Gissler, Petteri HoviPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20171354; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1354
Population-wide register data reveals that having a preterm child reduces the number of subsequent siblings and the final number of children in the family.
- Open AccessIncreased Medicaid Payment and Participation by Office-Based Primary Care PediatriciansSuk-fong S. Tang, Mark L. Hudak, Dennis M. Cooley, Budd N. Shenkin, Andrew D. RacinePediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20172570; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2570
Office-based primary care pediatricians increased their participation in the Medicaid program from before to after the 2013–2014 Medicaid primary care fee increase.
- Open AccessAge at Menarche, Depression, and Antisocial Behavior in AdulthoodJane Mendle, Rebecca M. Ryan, Kirsten M. P. McKonePediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20171703; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1703
By using a nationally representative, longitudinal sample of American women, we examined long-term associations of age at menarche with depression and antisocial behavior in adulthood.
- Open AccessPrenatal Paternal Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors Use and Risk of ADHD in OffspringFen Yang, Hong Liang, Jianping Chen, Maohua Miao, Wei Yuan, Mette Nørgaard, Jiong LiPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20171081; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1081
Using data from a nationwide register in Denmark, we examined the effect of paternal use of SSRIs before conception on the risk of ADHD in children.
- Open AccessRisk of Rotavirus Nosocomial Spread After Inpatient Pentavalent Rotavirus VaccinationAnnika M. Hofstetter, Kirsten Lacombe, Eileen J. Klein, Charla Jones, Bonnie Strelitz, Elizabeth Jacobson, Daksha Ranade, M. Leanne Ward, Slavica Mijatovic-Rustempasic, Diana Evans, Mary Wikswo, Michael D. Bowen, Umesh D. Parashar, Daniel C. Payne, Janet A. EnglundPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20171110; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1110
This study assesses RV5 coverage, shedding of wild-type and vaccine-type rotavirus strains, and nosocomial transmission among infants hospitalized in an intensive care setting.
- Open AccessPreterm Birth, Poverty, and Cognitive DevelopmentJennifer L. Beauregard, Carolyn Drews-Botsch, Jessica M. Sales, W. Dana Flanders, Michael R. KramerPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20170509; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0509
In this cohort study, we investigated whether relationships between preterm and early term birth and children’s cognitive scores up to 7 years old were modified by childhood poverty.
- Open AccessPediatric Injuries Related to Window Blinds, Shades, and CordsBridget Onders, Eun Hye Kim, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Nichole L. Hodges, Gary A. SmithPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20172359; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2359
In this study, we investigate the epidemiology of window blind–related injuries, and specifically window cord–related strangulations, among US children younger than 6 years of age.
- Open AccessBMI Trajectories Associated With Resolution of Elevated Youth BMI and Incident Adult ObesityMarie-Jeanne Buscot, Russell J. Thomson, Markus Juonala, Matthew A. Sabin, David P. Burgner, Terho Lehtimäki, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Jorma S. A. Viikari, Eero Jokinen, Paivi Tossavainen, Tomi Laitinen, Olli T. Raitakari, Costan G. MagnussenPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20172003; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2003
In this cohort study, we used 31 years of data collection and a novel analytical approach to explore life course trajectories leading to the incidence or resolution of high BMI.
- Open AccessReading Aloud and Child Development: A Cluster-Randomized Trial in BrazilAdriana Weisleder, Denise S.R. Mazzuchelli, Aline Sá Lopez, Walfrido Duarte Neto, Carolyn Brockmeyer Cates, Hosana Alves Gonçalves, Rochele Paz Fonseca, João Oliveira, Alan L. MendelsohnPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20170723; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0723
This cluster-randomized trial shows that a parenting program promoting reading aloud enhanced child language and cognitive development in a low-income community in Brazil.
- Open AccessProvider Perspectives on Use of Medical Marijuana in Children With CancerPrasanna Ananth, Clement Ma, Hasan Al-Sayegh, Leah Kroon, Victoria Klein, Claire Wharton, Elise Hallez, Ilana Braun, Kelly Michelson, Abby R. Rosenberg, Wendy London, Joanne WolfePediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20170559; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0559
As more states legalize MM, we explore provider practices, knowledge, attitudes, and barriers regarding legal MM use in children with cancer.
- Open AccessRacial and Ethnic Disparities in Early Childhood ObesityInyang A. Isong, Sowmya R. Rao, Marie-Abèle Bind, Mauricio Avendaño, Ichiro Kawachi, Tracy K. RichmondPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20170865; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0865
We decomposed racial and/or ethnic disparities in preschool-aged children’s BMI z scores according to contributing socioeconomic and behavioral risk factors to highlight modifiable risk factors that could be prioritized in interventions.
- Open AccessAn Integrated Clinic-Community Partnership for Child Obesity Treatment: A Randomized Pilot TrialJessica Hoffman, Leah Frerichs, Mary Story, Jason Jones, Kiah Gaskin, Annie Apple, Asheley Skinner, Sarah ArmstrongPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20171444; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1444
This study was a randomized controlled trial in which we tested the feasibility and effectiveness of child obesity treatment, which was delivered through a clinic-community partnership with Durham Parks and Recreation.
- Open AccessAdolescent Loss-of-Control Eating and Weight Loss Maintenance After Bariatric SurgeryAndrea B. Goldschmidt, Jane Khoury, Todd M. Jenkins, Dale S. Bond, J. Graham Thomas, Linsey M. Utzinger, Meg H. Zeller, Thomas H. Inge, James E. MitchellPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20171659; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1659
In this study, we describe the course of LOC eating in adolescents undergoing bariatric surgery and its association with long-term weight outcomes.
- Open AccessAstrovirus Infection and Diarrhea in 8 CountriesMaribel Paredes Olortegui, Saba Rouhani, Pablo Peñataro Yori, Mery Siguas Salas, Dixner Rengifo Trigoso, Dinesh Mondal, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, James Platts-Mills, Amidou Samie, Furqan Kabir, Aldo Lima, Sudhir Babji, Sanjaya Kumar Shrestha, Carl J. Mason, Adil Kalam, Pascal Bessong, Tahmeed Ahmed, Estomih Mduma, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Ila Lima, Rakhi Ramdass, Lawrence H. Moulton, Dennis Lang, Ajila George, Anita K.M. Zaidi, Gagandeep Kang, Eric R. Houpt, Margaret N. Kosek, on behalf of the MAL-ED NetworkPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20171326; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1326
We present evidence of astrovirus burden in vulnerable communities and suggestive protective immunity to infection, incentivizing ongoing vaccine development for viral gastroenteritis in young children.
- Open AccessTrends in Regionalization of Hospital Care for Common Pediatric ConditionsUrbano L. França, Michael L. McManusPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20171940; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1940
In this study of >252 million hospital encounters between 2006 and 2013, we document the increasing regionalization of pediatric care.
- Open AccessTrends in Executive Functioning in Extremely Preterm Children Across 3 Birth ErasAlice C. Burnett, Peter J. Anderson, Katherine J. Lee, Gehan Roberts, Lex W. Doyle, Jeanie L.Y. Cheong, for the Victorian Infant Collaborative Study GroupPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20171958; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1958
In this article, we report changes in EF at school age in geographical cohorts of EP/ELBW children born from the 1990s to 2005.
- Open AccessCerebral Palsy in Extremely Preterm InfantsMaria Hafström, Karin Källén, Fredrik Serenius, Karel Maršál, Eva Rehn, Helen Drake, Ulrika Ådén, Aijaz Farooqi, Kristina Thorngren-Jerneck, Bo StrömbergPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20171433; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1433
Lifetime prevalence of CP at 6.5 years in children born EP was 10.5%. Although 76% were ambulatory, 55% had severe disability.
- Open AccessRetrospective Consent in a Neonatal Randomized Controlled TrialNils T. Songstad, Calum T. Roberts, Brett J. Manley, Louise S. Owen, Peter G. Davis, on behalf of the HIPSTER trial investigatorsPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20172092; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2092
The authors of this study found that using retrospective consent in an RCT improved recruitment and altered study population demographics, potentially affecting outcomes and applicability to practice.
- Open AccessHow Parents of Children With Cancer Learn About Their Children’s PrognosisBryan A. Sisk, Tammy I. Kang, Jennifer W. MackPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20172241; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2241
In this prospective cohort study, we identify parents’ preferred sources of prognostic information and assess whether particular sources are associated with prognostic accuracy.
- Open AccessRisk Factors for the Development of Bladder and Bowel DysfunctionThomas W. Gaither, Christopher S. Cooper, Zachary Kornberg, Laurence S. Baskin, Hillary L. CoppPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20172797; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2797
We conducted a secondary data analysis of 2 trials to collect prospective measurements of BBD to determine independent risk factors.
- Open AccessPositive Change in Feedback Perceptions and Behavior: A 10-Year Follow-up StudyDorene F. Balmer, Rebecca Tenney-Soeiro, Erika Mejia, Beth RezetPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20172950; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2950
Ethnographic data from 2007 to 2017 suggest that changes in the context of pediatric education afforded positive change in perceptions of feedback and feedback behavior.
- Open AccessInnovations to Make Our Journal Better and More Child- and Family-CenteredLewis R. First, Alex R. Kemper, Kate Larson, Joseph PuskarzPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20173453; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3453
- Open AccessAdvocating for the DREAM Act: Why Pediatricians Should Care and What They Can DoMark Kuczewski, John D. Lantos, Zarna PatelPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20173314; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3314
- Open AccessHeat-not-Burn Tobacco Products: Tobacco Industry Claims No Substitute for ScienceBrian P. Jenssen, Susan C. Walley, Sharon A. McGrath-MorrowPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20172383; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2383
- Open AccessWhat’s the Punchline?: Promoting Child and Teacher Resilience Through Pediatrician–Teacher PartnershipsKavitha SelvarajPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20173538; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3538
- Open AccessLactobacillus reuteri to Treat Infant Colic: A Meta-analysisValerie Sung, Frank D’Amico, Michael D. Cabana, Kim Chau, Gideon Koren, Francesco Savino, Hania Szajewska, Girish Deshpande, Christophe Dupont, Flavia Indrio, Silja Mentula, Anna Partty, Daniel TancrediPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20171811; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1811
Lactobacillus reuteri DSM17938 effectively reduces crying in breastfed infants with colic; these are the most definitive conclusions to date from an IPDMA.
- Open AccessAttention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Very Preterm/Very Low Birth Weight: A Meta-analysisAdelar Pedro Franz, Gul Unsel Bolat, Hilmi Bolat, Alicia Matijasevich, Iná Silva Santos, Rita C. Silveira, Renato Soibelmann Procianoy, Luis Augusto Rohde, Carlos Renato Moreira-MaiaPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20171645; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1645
In this meta-analytic study, we document that VP/VLBW infants have a higher risk of later ADHD, defined both categorically and dimensionally.
- Open AccessMaternal Smoking and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Offspring: A Meta-analysisLan Huang, Yan Wang, Li Zhang, Zhen Zheng, Tingting Zhu, Yi Qu, Dezhi MuPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20172465; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2465
Causes of ADHD are complex, and our meta-analysis revealed that prenatal nicotine exposure may be implicated in the development of ADHD.
State-of-the-Art Review Article
- Open AccessPediatric Disorders of Orthostatic IntoleranceJulian M. Stewart, Jeffrey R. Boris, Gisela Chelimsky, Phillip R. Fischer, John E. Fortunato, Blair P. Grubb, Geoffrey L. Heyer, Imad T. Jarjour, Marvin S. Medow, Mohammed T. Numan, Paolo T. Pianosi, Wolfgang Singer, Sally Tarbell, Thomas C. Chelimsky, The Pediatric Writing Group of the American Autonomic SocietyPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20171673; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1673
Pediatric OI is common, comprising physiological perturbations as well as diseases. We define, describe, and discuss forms of OI, their treatment, and prognosis.
- Open AccessConsidering Family Resources When Making Medical RecommendationsArpana Iyengar, Sanjiv Lewin, John D. LantosPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20171198; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1198
This Ethics Rounds article discusses whether to consider a family’s economic circumstances when recommending an expensive treatment.
- Open AccessStandardizing the Evaluation of Nonaccidental Trauma in a Large Pediatric Emergency DepartmentLauren C. Riney, Theresa M. Frey, Emily T. Fain, Elena M. Duma, Berkeley L. Bennett, Eileen Murtagh KurowskiPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20171994; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1994
A quality improvement intervention to decrease provider variation for NAT evaluation in the PED proved successful.
- Open AccessImproving Time to Antibiotic Administration for Bone Marrow Transplant Patients With First FeverPaulina Daniels, Abigail Pate, Laura Flesch, Ashley Teusink-Cross, Hirsch Matani, Amanda Geiger, Melissa Hayward, William Myers, Samantha Schaefer, Adam Nelson, Sonata Jodele, Stella M. Davies, Christopher E. DandoyPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20171549; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1549
In this study, we explore the interventions used to improve the time in which febrile BMT patients receive their first dose of antibiotic.
- Open AccessAn Unusual Case of Abdominal Pain and Hyponatremia in a 16-Year-Old Girl With Disordered EatingGrace Hunter, Rebecca Blankenburg, Jennifer Andrews, Terrell StevensonPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20170291; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0291
This diagnostic dilemma explores the differential diagnosis of abdominal pain in a teenager with anxiety, disordered eating, and hyponatremia.
- Open AccessDigital Ischemia After Application of Self-Adherent Elastic Wrap Dressing: A Case SeriesChristopher A. Makarewich, Penelope Lang, Douglas T. HutchinsonPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20163067; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-3067
Through 5 case examples, this study describes finger injuries ranging from skin blistering to amputation secondary to tight circumferential application of self-adherent elastic wrap dressings.
- Open AccessSIADH in Systemic JIA Resolving After Treatment With an IL-6 InhibitorJuanita K. Hodax, Shara R. Bialo, Ali YalcindagPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20164174; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-4174
SIADH improved in a patient with SJIA after treatment with an IL-6 inhibitor, supporting the implication of IL-6 in the pathogenesis of SJIA and SIADH.
- Open AccessAcute Lung Toxicity After Intralesional Bleomycin SclerotherapyAna Méndez-Echevarría, Andres Fernandez-Prieto, Olga de la Serna, Juan-Carlos Lopez-Gutierrez, Manuel Parron, Begoña Marin-Aguilera, Cristina CalvoPediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20161787; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-1787
In this article, we report the second case of lung toxicity observed after bleomycin intralesional administration, and the one reported after the lowest dose of the drug to date.
- Open AccessA Drug Regimen for Progressive Familial Cholestasis Type 2J Jeffrey Malatack, Daniel DoylePediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20163877; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-3877
PFIC2 is a familial cholestatic syndrome resulting from the failure of the BSEP to excrete bile salts from hepatocytes into bile. A 3-drug regimen has normalized the phenotype of reported patients.
- Open AccessCOMMITTEE ON INFECTIOUS DISEASES. Recommendations for Prevention and Control of Influenza in Children, 2017 – 2018. Pediatrics. 2017;140(4):e20172550Pediatrics Jan 2018, 141 (1) e20173535; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3535