- aDepartment of Child and Adolescent Development, San José State University, San Jose, California;
- bDepartment of Media, Film & Journalism Studies, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado; and
- cDepartment of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Drs Middaugh and Clark conceptualized and drafted the initial manuscript; Dr Ballard contributed to the conceptualization and writing of the revised manuscript and conceptualizing and drafting the section on civic engagement and adolescent development; and all authors have reviewed and approved the final manuscript.
The analysis, conclusions, and recommendations contained in each article are solely a product of the individual workgroup and are not the policy or opinions of, nor do they represent an endorsement by Children and Screens: Institute of Digital Media and Child Development or the American Academy of Pediatrics.