- Inyang A. Isong, MD, MPH, ScDa,b,
- Tracy Richmond, MD, MPHb,
- Ichiro Kawachi, MD, PhDa, and
- Mauricio Avendaño, PhDa,c
- aDepartment of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts;
- bBoston Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; and
- cDepartment of Social Science, Health and Medicine, King’s College London, London, United Kingdom
Dr Isong conceptualized and designed the study, conducted the analyses, drafted the initial manuscript, and made final revisions based on critical feedback received from Drs Kawachi, Richmond, and Avendaño; Drs Kawachi, Richmond, and Avendaño conceptualized the study in collaboration with Dr Isong, reviewed the results, and reviewed and provided critical feedback for the manuscript; and all authors approved the final manuscript as submitted.