Postintervention HPV vaccination rates not reported
No original data (exception made for articles describing government interventions)
Abstract or research communication report only
Population <11 or >26 y old
Study not available in English
CGDA Intervention Categories
To increase knowledge of HPV, HPV-related disease, or the HPVV
To change behavior by providing necessary skills to make a decision regarding the HPVV.
Subcategories by strategy: patient-targeted decision support (eg, message framing, health theory–based interventions), patient-targeted reminders, provider-targeted reminders, patient and provider interventions
To change the social environment to facilitate vaccination, ie, decreased financial barriers, novel vaccination locations.
Subcategory by policy level: small policy (organizational guidelines, no government involvement), large policy (formal laws, rules or regulations, national or local government involvement)
The authors determined the main category for interventions employing multiple strategies.
CGDA Intensity Level
Active engagement by stakeholders targeted toward the individual
Patient or physician reminders
Active engagement by stakeholders targeted to population
School-based VP, educational classes
Passive engagement with significant effort
Educational media campaigns
Passive engagement with minimal effort
Notice on Web site
Interventions using multiple methods were classified according to the method of the highest intensity.
RE-AIM Evaluation Dimensions
Reach: proportion of the target population that participated in the intervention.
Setting, population density, HPVV population, number of participants
Efficacy: success rate if implemented as in guidelines
Postintervention HPVV rates
Adoption: proportion of settings, practices, and plans that will adopt this intervention
If applicable, described with implementation
Implementation: extent to which the intervention is implemented as intended
Study design, barriers encountered
Maintenance: extent to which a program is sustained over time
Sustainability and acceptability of the intervention