↵a Column percentages may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding error.
↵b PCCs were unable to obtain the exact age for these cases, but it was known that the child was <6 years old.
↵c Row percentages may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding error.
↵d Ingestion+ includes the NPDS category of ingestion combined with ≥1 other exposure routes.
↵e Other+ includes “other,” “ocular+dermal,” “inhalation/nasal+dermal,” and “otic.”
↵f Other+ includes “other” and single or multiple scenarios with <20 cases.
Management Site, Level of Health Care Received, Outcome, and Duration of Clinical Effects Associated With Nicotine and Tobacco Product Exposures Among Children Younger Than 6 Years, NPDS, January 2012 to April 2015