Pre- and Postnatal Exposure to Parental Smoking and Allergic Disease Through Adolescence
Exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke during pregnancy and infancy has been linked to development of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema in young children. It is unclear whether these risks persist into adolescence.
Exposure to second-hand smoke in utero or during infancy influences the development of allergic disease up to adolescence. Excess risks for asthma and rhinitis were seen primarily in early childhood, whereas those for eczema occurred at later ages.
Cerebral Oxygenation in Preterm Infants
Prone sleeping is a major risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Cerebral oxygenation and blood pressure are reduced in the prone sleeping position in healthy term infants. Preterm infants are at significantly increased risk of SIDS.
Preterm infants display reduced cerebral oxygenation compared with term infants, most prominently at 2 to 3 months corrected age in the prone position when blood pressure is concurrently reduced. This may contribute to the increased risk for SIDS among infants born preterm.
Health Care Provider Advice for Adolescent Tobacco Use: Results From the 2011 National Youth Tobacco Survey
Cigarette smoking during adolescence causes significant health problems. Health care providers play an important role in promoting tobacco use abstinence among adolescents, but recent data on the prevalence of provider screening and advice to adolescents are lacking.
This study uses nationally representative surveillance data to provide current estimates of self-reported receipt of health professional screening and advice about tobacco use among US adolescents. Cessation behaviors and correlates of past-year quit attempts among smokers were also explored.
Impact of a Pertussis Epidemic on Infant Vaccination in Washington State
It is thought that vaccination coverage increases during and immediately after an infectious disease epidemic; however, little evidence exists to support this phenomenon.
The 2011 to 2012 pertussis epidemic did not significantly change the proportion of infants in Washington State who were up to date for pertussis-containing vaccines. This finding may challenge conventional wisdom that vaccine acceptance uniformly increases when risk of disease is high.
Hydroxyurea and Growth in Young Children With Sickle Cell Disease
Growth impairment in sickle disease has been a consistent finding …