Outpatient Course and Complications Associated With Home Oxygen Therapy for Mild Bronchiolitis
Home oxygen has been safely incorporated into emergency department management of bronchiolitis in certain populations. After discharge, a small proportion of patients (2.7%–6%) require subsequent admission. For patients managed successfully as outpatients, pediatricians report variable practice styles and comfort levels.
Our results define the clinical course and outpatient burden associated with discharge on home oxygen. By using an integrated health care system, we captured slightly higher rates (9.4%) of subsequent admission and found fever to be associated with this outcome.
Motor Vehicle-Pedestrian Collisions and Walking to School: The Role of the Built Environment
Many studies have demonstrated that the built environment is related to both collision risk and walking to school. However, little research examines the influence of the built environment on the relationship between walking to school and pedestrian collision risk.
Increased walking was not associated with increased pedestrian collision once the effects of the built environment and socioeconomic status were modeled. Safety was related primarily to the built environment and specifically features related to road crossing.
Academic Achievement of Children and Adolescents With Oral Clefts
Previous studies that reported learning deficits among children with oral clefts mostly used small, clinic-based samples prone to ascertainment bias. No previous studies in the United States have used a population-based sample and direct testing of academic achievement.
Using a large population-based sample from the United States and standardized school tests for achievement, we found that children with oral clefts scored significantly lower than their classmates on all evaluated domains of achievement and had higher rates of learning disability.
Language Problems in Children With ADHD: A Community-Based Study
Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have poorer academic and social functioning and more language problems than typically developing peers. However, it is unknown how language problems impact the academic and social functioning of these children.
Language problems are common in children with ADHD and are associated with markedly poorer academic functioning independent of ADHD symptom severity and comorbidities. There was little evidence that language problems were …