Shown are the unweighted number and weighted percentage and SEs for all children with complete data for Hb, SF, transferrin saturation, and zinc protoporphyrin. Anemia was defined as a Hb concentration of <11.0 g/dL; ID7 was defined as an abnormal value for at least 2 of 3 indicators: SF (abnormal cutoff: <10 μg/dL), zinc protoporphyrin (>1.42 μmol/L red blood cells), and transferrin saturation (<10%); and IDA was defined as anemia plus ID.
↵a Proportion of row descriptor of all children in analytic sample (N = 672).
↵a Confounded by the presence of inflammation. If SF is normal or increased and the CRP level is normal, then there is no ID. If SF is decreased, then ID is present regardless of the measure of CRP. If SF is normal or increased and the CRP level is increased, then the presence of ID cannot be determined.
Modified from American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Nutrition. Iron deficiency. In: Kleinman RE, ed. Pediatric Nutrition Handbook. 5th ed. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2004:304.
Ready-to-eat cereal, fortified at different levels, 1 cup
∼4.5 to 18
Soybeans, mature seeds, cooked, boiled, ½ cup
Apricots, dehydrated (low-moisture), uncooked, ½ cup
Sunflower seeds, dried, ½ cup
Lentils, mature seeds, cooked, ½ cup
Spinach, cooked, boiled, drained, ½ cup
Chickpeas, mature seeds, cooked, ½ cup
Prunes, dehydrated (low-moisture), uncooked, ½ cup
Lima beans, large, mature seeds, cooked, ½ cup
Navy beans, mature seeds, cooked, ½ cup
Kidney beans, all types, mature seeds, cooked, ½ cup
Molasses, 2 tbsp
Pinto beans, mature seeds, cooked, ½ cup
Raisins, seedless, packed, ½ cup
Prunes, dehydrated (low moisture), stewed, ½ cup
Prune juice, canned, 4 fl oz
Green peas, cooked, boiled, drain, ½ cup
Enriched white rice, long-grain, regular, cooked, ½ cup
Whole egg, cooked (fried or poached), 1 large egg
Enriched spaghetti, cooked, ½ cup
White bread, commercially prepared, 1 slice
Whole-wheat bread, commercially prepared, 1 slice
Spaghetti or macaroni, whole wheat, cooked, ½ cup
Peanut butter, smooth style, 2 tbsp
Brown rice, medium-grain, cooked, ½ cup
Note that all figures are rounded.
↵a Baby food values are generally based on generic jar, not branded jar; 3 oz of table-food meat = 85 g; a 2.5-oz jar of baby food = 71 g (an infant would not be expected to eat 3 oz [approximately the size of a deck of cards] of pureed table meat at a meal).
↵b Source of iron value was obtained from a manufacturer of this type of molasses.
Source of iron values in foods: US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 20: Nutrient Data Laboratory home page. Available at: www.ars.usda.gov/ba/bhnrc/ndl.
Selected Good Vitamin C Sources to Increase Iron Absorption