OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between receiving adequate care coordination (CC) with family-provider relations and family/child outcomes.
METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2005–2006 National Survey of Children With Special Health Care Needs. Eligible subjects were the 88% of families asked about experience with CC, service use, and communication. Respondents also reported on demographic characteristics, health status, family-provider relations, and family/child outcomes. Weighted, multivariate logistic regression models were constructed to assess independent associations of adequate CC with outcomes.
RESULTS: Among families with children with special health care needs asked about CC, 68.2% reported receiving some type of CC help. Of these, 59.2% reported receiving adequate CC help, and 40.8% reported inadequate CC. Families that reported adequate compared with inadequate CC had increased odds of receiving family-centered care, experiencing partnerships with professionals, and satisfaction with services. They had decreased odds of having problems with referrals for specialty care, missing >6 school days because of illness (previous year), and visiting the emergency department more than twice in the previous 12 months (P < .001). Those who reported adequate compared with inadequate CC had decreased odds of the following: more than $500/y of out-of-pocket expenses, family financial burden, spending more than 4 hours/week coordinating care, and stopping/reducing work hours.
CONCLUSIONS: Parental report of adequate CC was associated with favorable family-provider relations and family/child outcomes. Additional efforts are needed to discern which aspects of CC are most beneficial and for which subgroups of children with special health care needs.
- care coordination
- children with special health care needs
- family-centered care
- medical home
- National Survey of Children With Special Health Care Needs
- Accepted August 3, 2009.
- Copyright © 2009 by the American Academy of Pediatrics