This table illustrates the many Stachybotrys mycotoxins and metabolites that may contribute to toxicity and is not meant to be comprehensive.
↵a Lie along the biosynthetic path between the simple and the macrocyclic trichothecenes.
Findings of the IOM Report: Association Between Health Outcomes and the Presence of Mold or Other Agents in Damp Indoor Environments
Sufficient evidence of an association
Upper respiratory tract symptoms (nasal and throat)
Asthma symptoms in sensitized persons
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis in sensitized persons
Limited or suggested evidence of an association
Lower respiratory tract illness (eg, pneumonia, frequent colds) in children
Inadequate or insufficient evidence to determine whether an association exists
Gastrointestinal tract problems
Airflow obstruction (in otherwise healthy persons)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Inhalation fevers (nonoccupational exposures)
Lower respiratory illness in otherwise healthy adults
AIPH in infants
Rheumatologic and other immune diseases
Source: Institute of Medicine, Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Committee on Damp Indoor Spaces and Health. Damp Indoor Spaces and Health. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2004.
Guidelines for Pediatricians Considering Possible Illness Related to Damp, Moldy Indoor Spaces