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Level of pain (score 0–10) by study group and follow-up time.
Characteristics of the Study Groups
NS indicates not significant; SD, standard deviation.
↵* Mean age of boys is 8.9 years and of girls is 8.5 years.
↵† Major and associated symptoms of AOM listed individually in Tables 2 and 3, respectively.
Mean (±SD) Pain Score Over Time by Group
Stepwise Linear Regression Model of Change in Pain Level (Score 0–10) From Baseline to Last Follow-up
R2 of variables in last step = 0.198; R2 of variables not in last step = 0.022; Total R2 = 0.22 Independent variables:
↵† drops (dummy variable), NHED = 1, anesthetic = 0;
↵‡ mild pain (dummy variable), mild = 1, moderate + severe = 0;
↵§ moderate pain (dummy variable), moderate = 1, mild + severe = 0;
↵‖ severe pain (dummy variable), severe = 1, mild + moderate = 0;
↵¶ fever (dummy variable), ≥38.5°C = 1, 37.5–38.4°C = 0.
↵# Variables rejected from the model because of lack of significance (P < .05).
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