↵† A negative difference score denotes a lower mean scale score for incarcerated youth compared with youths in the school sample, and vice versa for scores with a positive sign. Subdomains were scored in the direction of their effect. Higher scores on Satisfaction, Resilience, and Achievement subdomains imply better health, whereas higher scores on Discomfort, Disorders, and Risks subdomains imply poorer health.
↵‡ Adjusted difference scores were obtained by regressing the scale score on respondent age, ethnicity, and socioeconomic covariates.
Distribution of Health Profile Types for Age-matched Incarcerated and School Male Youth Samples