Video Abstracts


Welcome to Pediatrics Video Abstracts!
The Pediatrics Editorial Board invites select authors to submit a brief video summary of their study -- methods, key findings, implications for practice, etc. Enjoy this award-winning video series, including article links, as authors discuss the importance of these new studies.

Upcoming video abstracts include: non-reimbursed costs for medical complexity, meningococcal disease, Duarte galactosemia, mupirocin in NICU, global health education for residents, and oxygen use in preterm and term newborn resuscitation, and EMLA cream for infants (December); antibiotic prescribing in emergency departments, patient safety research, HPV vaccine communication, adolescent suicidal thoughts, cerebral malaria, cellulitis risk score, plagiocephaly, and firearm ownership correlation with mortality (January) and many more to come.

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See some highlights from the first year of Video Abstracts to the right, and below are all published video abstracts.

Father-Son Communication About Consistent and Correct Condom Use
Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, Marco Thimm-Kaiser, Adam Benzekri, Christopher Rodriguez, Taleria R. Fuller, Lee Warner, Emilia H.A. Koumans
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1609 | December 17, 2018

An Educational Intervention to Improve HPV Vaccination: A Cluster Randomized Trial
Brian E. Dixon, Gregory D. Zimet, Shan Xiao, Wanzhu Tu, Brianna Lindsay, Abby Church, Stephen M. Downs
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1457 | December 10, 2018

Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior From 6 to 11 Years
Phillipp Schwarzfischer, Dariusz Gruszfeld, Anna Stolarczyk, Natalia Ferre, Joaquin Escribano, Déborah Rousseaux, Melissa Moretti, Benedetta Mariani, Elvira Verduci, Berthold Koletzko, Veit Grote
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0994 | December 3, 2018

Home Health Care Availability and Discharge Delays in Children With Medical Complexity
Roy Maynard, Eric Christensen, Rhonda Cady, Abraham Jacob, Yves Ouellette, Heather Podgorski, Brenda Schiltz, Scott Schwantes, William Wheeler
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1951 | December 3, 2018

Access to the Medical Home Among Children With and Without Special Health Care Needs
Jesse C. Lichstein, Reem M. Ghandour, Marie Y. Mann
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1795 | November 29, 2018

The Prevalence of Parent-Reported Autism Spectrum Disorder Among US Children
Michael D. Kogan, Catherine J. Vladutiu, Laura A. Schieve, Reem M. Ghandour, Stephen J. Blumberg, Benjamin Zablotsky, James M. Perrin, Paul Shattuck, Karen A. Kuhlthau, Robin L. Harwood, Michael C. Lu
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4161 | November 26, 2018

Adherence of Newborn-Specific Antibiotic Stewardship Programs to CDC Recommendations
Timmy Ho, Madge E. Buus-Frank, Erika M. Edwards, Kate A. Morrow, Karla Ferrelli, Arjun Srinivasan, Daniel A. Pollock, Dmitry Dukhovny, John A.F. Zupancic, DeWayne M. Pursley, Roger F. Soll, Jeffrey D. Horbar
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4322 | November 20, 2018

The Public Health Impact of Parent-Reported Childhood Food Allergies in the United States
Ruchi S. Gupta, Christopher M. Warren, Bridget M. Smith, Jesse A. Blumenstock, Jialing Jiang, Matthew M. Davis, Kari C. Nadeau
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1235 | November 19, 2018

Risk Stratification of Febrile Infants ≤60 Days Old Without Routine Lumbar Puncture
Paul L. Aronson, Marie E. Wang, Eugene D. Shapiro, Samir S. Shah, Adrienne G. DePorre, Russell J. McCulloh, Christopher M. Pruitt, Sanyukta Desai, Lise E. Nigrovic, Richard D. Marble, Rianna C. Leazer, Sahar N. Rooholamini, Laura F. Sartori, Fran Balamuth, Christopher Woll, Mark I. Neuman, for the Febrile Young Infant Research Collaborative
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1879 | November 13, 2018

E-cigarette Use and Subsequent Smoking Frequency Among Adolescents
Jessica L. Barrington-Trimis, Grace Kong, Adam M. Leventhal, Feifei Liu, Margaret Mayer, Tess Boley Cruz, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Rob McConnell
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0486 | November 5, 2018

Tobacco Product Harm Perceptions and New Use
Maria A. Parker, Andrea C. Villanti, Amanda J. Quisenberry, Cassandra A. Stanton, Nathan J. Doogan, Ryan Redner, Diann E. Gaalema, Allison N. Kurti, Tyler Nighbor, Megan E. Roberts, Antonio Cepeda-Benito, Stephen T. Higgins
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1505 | November 5, 2018

Delivery Room Management of Meconium-Stained Newborns and Respiratory Support
Arpitha Chiruvolu, Kimberly K. Miklis, Elena Chen, Barbara Petrey, Sujata Desai
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1485 | November 1, 2018

Early Antibiotic Exposure and Weight Outcomes in Young Children
Jason P. Block, L. Charles Bailey, Matthew W. Gillman, Doug Lunsford, Matthew F. Daley, Ihuoma Eneli, Jonathan Finkelstein, William Heerman, Casie E. Horgan, Daniel S. Hsia, Melanie Jay, Goutham Rao, Juliane S. Reynolds, Sheryl L. Rifas-Shiman, Jessica L. Sturtevant, Sengwee Toh, Leonardo Trasande, Jessica Young, Christopher B. Forrest, on behalf of the PCORnet Antibiotics and Childhood Growth Study Group
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0290 | October 31, 2018

Experiences With Medical Exemptions After a Change in Vaccine Exemption Policy in California
Salini Mohanty, Alison M. Buttenheim, Caroline M. Joyce, Amanda C. Howa, Daniel Salmon, Saad B. Omer
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1051 | October 29, 2018

Ultrasound Guidance for Pediatric Central Venous Catheterization: A Meta-analysis
Tiago Henrique de Souza, Marcelo Barciela Brandão, José Antonio Hersan Nadal, Roberto José Negrão Nogueira
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1719 | October 25, 2018

Childhood Obesity and Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis
Daniel C. Perry, David Metcalfe, Steven Lane, Steven Turner
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1067 | October 22, 2018

Persistent Postconcussion Symptoms After Injury
Linda Ewing-Cobbs, Charles S. Cox Jr, Amy E. Clark, Richard Holubkov, Heather T. Keenan
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0939 | October 15, 2018

Shortened IV Antibiotic Course for Uncomplicated, Late-Onset Group B Streptococcal Bacteremia
Eric R. Coon, Raj Srivastava, Greg Stoddard, Jacob Wilkes, Andrew T. Pavia, Samir S. Shah
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0345 | October 11, 2018

Activity Performance Curves of Individuals With Cerebral Palsy
Marloes van Gorp, Marij E. Roebroeck, Siok Swan Tan, Vincent de Groot, Jan Willem Gorter, Dirk-Wouter Smits, Ann Katrin Schmidt, Annet J. Dallmeijer, on behalf of the PERRIN DECADE Study Group
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3723 | October 4, 2018

Variation in Use by NICU Types in the United States
Erika M. Edwards, Jeffrey D. Horbar
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0457 | October 3, 2018

A Tool to Identify Adolescents at Risk of Cigarette Smoking Initiation
Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, Nancy Hanusaik, David Berger, Erika Dugas, Lori Pbert, Jonathan Winickoff, Jennifer L. O’Loughlin
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3701 | October 1, 2018

Epigenetic Programming by Maternal Behavior in the Human Infant
Barry M. Lester, Elisabeth Conradt, Linda L. LaGasse, Edward Z. Tronick, James F. Padbury, Carmen J. Marsit
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1890 | September 26, 2018

Childhood Seizures After Phototherapy
Thomas B. Newman, Yvonne W. Wu, Michael W. Kuzniewicz, Barbara A. Grimes, Charles E. McCulloch
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0648 | September 24, 2018

Modes of Death Within a Children’s Hospital
Amy Trowbridge, Jennifer K. Walter, Eric McConathey, Wynne Morrison, Chris Feudtner
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4182 | September 19, 2018

Eye Findings in Infants With Suspected or Confirmed Antenatal Zika Virus Exposure
Irena Tsui, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira, Julia D. Rossetto, Zilton Vasconcelos, Stephanie L. Gaw, Luiza M. Neves, Olivia A. Zin, Lorena Haefeli, Joel Carlos Barros Silveira Filho, Saint Clair Gomes Jr, Kristina Adachi, Marcos Vinicius da Silva Pone, Sheila Moura Pone, Jose Paulo Pereira Jr, Rubens Belfort, Vaithilingaraja Arumugaswami, Patricia Brasil, Karin Nielsen-Saines, Andrea A. Zin
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1104 | September 13, 2018

Adolescent Use of Different E-cigarette Products
Robert McMillen, Susanne Tanski, Karen Wilson, Jonathan D. Klein, Jonathan P. Winickoff
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0260 | September 10, 2018

Eliciting Narratives To Inform Care for Infants With Trisomy 18
Meaghann S. Weaver, Lois J. Starr, Paige N. Austin, Christina L. Stevenson, James M. Hammel
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0321 | September 6, 2018

Comprehensive Community-Based Intervention and Asthma Outcomes in African American Adolescents
Sylvie Naar, Deborah Ellis, Phillippe Cunningham, Amy L. Pennar, Phebe Lam, Naomi C. Brownstein, Jean-Marie Bruzzese
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3737 | September 5, 2018

Timing and Duration of Pre- and Postnatal Homelessness and the Health of Young Children
Megan Sandel, Richard Sheward, Stephanie Ettinger de Cuba, Sharon Coleman, Timothy Heeren, Maureen M. Black, Patrick H. Casey, Mariana Chilton, John Cook, Diana Becker Cutts, Ruth Rose-Jacobs, Deborah A. Frank
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4254 | September 3, 2018

Negative Chest Radiography and Risk of Pneumonia
Susan C. Lipsett, Michael C. Monuteaux, Richard G. Bachur, Nicole Finn, Mark I. Neuman
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0236 | August 28, 2018

Marijuana Use by Breastfeeding Mothers and Cannabinoid Concentrations in Breast Milk
Kerri A. Bertrand, Nathan J. Hanan, Gordon Honerkamp-Smith, Brookie M. Best, Christina D. Chambers
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1076 | August 27, 2018

Adoption of Serogroup B Meningococcal Vaccine Recommendations
Allison Kempe, Mandy A. Allison, Jessica R. MacNeil, Sean T. O’Leary, Lori A. Crane, Brenda L. Beaty, Laura P. Hurley, Michaela Brtnikova, Megan C. Lindley, Alison P. Albert
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0344 | August 20, 2018

Hypertonic Saline in Bronchiolitis and Type I Error: A Trial Sequential Analysis
Wade Harrison, Francois Angoulvant, Samantha House, Vincent Gajdos, Shawn L. Ralston
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1144 | August 16, 2018

Prenatal Tetanus, Diphtheria, Acellular Pertussis Vaccination and Autism Spectrum Disorder
Tracy A. Becerra-Culqui, Darios Getahun, Vicki Chiu, Lina S. Sy, Hung Fu Tseng
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0120 | August 13, 2018

Preventable Adverse Drug Events Among Inpatients: A Systematic Review
Peter J. Gates, Sophie A. Meyerson, Melissa T. Baysari, Christopher U. Lehmann, Johanna I. Westbrook
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0805 | August 10, 2018

Use of Oximetry to Determine Need for Adenotonsillectomy for Sleep-Disordered Breathing
Chariton E. Papadakis, Konstantinos Chaidas, Theognosia S. Chimona, Panagiota Asimakopoulou, Alexandros Ladias, Efklidis K. Proimos, Michael Miligkos, Athanasios G. Kaditis
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3382 | August 7, 2018

Adolescent E-Cigarette, Hookah, and Conventional Cigarette Use and Subsequent Marijuana Use
Janet Audrain-McGovern, Matthew D. Stone, Jessica Barrington-Trimis, Jennifer B. Unger, Adam M. Leventhal
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3616 | August 6, 2018

The Healthy Neighborhood, Healthy Families Initiative
Kelly Kelleher, Jason Reece, Megan Sandel
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0261 | August 3, 2018

Frequency of Pediatric Emergencies in Ambulatory Practices
Matthew L. Yuknis, Elizabeth Weinstein, Hannah Maxey, Lori Price, Sierra X. Vaughn, Tom Arkins, Brian D. Benneyworth
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3082 | July 20, 2018

Trends in Abstaining From Substance Use in Adolescents: 1975–2014
Sharon Levy, Michael D. Campbell, Corinne L. Shea, Robert DuPont
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3498 | July 19, 2018

Adverse Events in Hospitalized Pediatric Patients
David C. Stockwell, Christopher P. Landrigan, Sara L. Toomey, Samuel S. Loren, Jisun Jang, Jessica A. Quinn, Sepideh Ashrafzadeh, Michelle J. Wang, Melody Wu, Paul J. Sharek, David C. Classen, Rajendu Srivastava, Gareth Parry, Mark A. Schuster, for the GAPPS Study Group
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3360 | July 13, 2018

Parents’ Adverse Childhood Experiences and Their Children’s Behavioral Health Problems
Adam Schickedanz, Neal Halfon, Narayan Sastry, Paul J. Chung
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0023 | July 9, 2018

Social Aspects of Hookah Smoking Among US Youth
Israel Agaku, Satomi Odani, Brian Armour, Rebecca Glover-Kudon
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0341 | July 2, 2018

Rural Versus Urban Hospitalizations for Firearm Injuries in Children and Adolescents
Bradley R. Herrin, Julie R. Gaither, John M. Leventhal, James Dodington
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3318 | July 2, 2018

When Bad News Isn’t Necessarily Bad: Recognizing Provider Bias When Sharing Unexpected News
Carissa Carroll, Christopher Carroll, Naomi Goloff, Michael B. Pitt
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0503 | June 25, 2018

Objective Sleep Characteristics and Cardiometabolic Health in Young Adolescents
Elizabeth M. Cespedes Feliciano, Mirja Quante, Sheryl L. Rifas-Shiman, Susan Redline, Emily Oken, Elsie M. Taveras
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4085 | June 15, 2018

Respiratory Viruses and Treatment Failure in Children With Asthma Exacerbation
Joanna Merckx, Francine M. Ducharme, Christine Martineau, Roger Zemek, Jocelyn Gravel, Dominic Chalut, Naveen Poonai, Caroline Quach, for the Pediatric Emergency Research Canada (PERC) DOORWAY team
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4105 | June 4, 2018

An Extravagant Gift From a Grateful Patient
Akshay Sharma, Liza-Marie Johnson, Amy Caruso Brown, Yoram Unguru, John D. Lantos
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2837 | June 1, 2018

Pediatric ADHD Medication Exposures Reported to US Poison Control Centers
Samantha A. King, Marcel J. Casavant, Henry A. Spiller, Nichole L. Hodges, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Gary A. Smith
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3872 | May 21, 2018

Parent-Provider Communication of HPV Vaccine Hesitancy
Laura A. Shay, Austin S. Baldwin, Andrea C. Betts, Emily G. Marks, Robin T. Higashi, Richard L. Street Jr, Donna Persaud, Jasmin A. Tiro
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2312 | May 15, 2018

Parental Desensitization to Gun Violence in PG-13 Movies
Daniel Romer, Patrick E. Jamieson, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Robert Lull, Azeez Adebimpe
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3491 | May 14, 2018

Safety II Behavior in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
Jenna Merandi, Kathryn Vannatta, J. Terrance Davis, Richard E. McClead Jr, Richard Brilli, Thomas Bartman
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0018 | May 8, 2018

The Grief of Mothers After the Sudden Unexpected Death of Their Infants
Richard D. Goldstein, Ruth I. Lederman, Wendy G. Lichtenthal, Sue E. Morris, Melanie Human, Amy J. Elliott, Deb Tobacco, Jyoti Angal, Hein Odendaal, Hannah C. Kinney, Holly G. Prigerson, for the PASS Network
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3651 | April 30, 2018

A Modified Algorithm for Critical Congenital Heart Disease Screening Using Pulse Oximetry
Christina L. Diller, Michael S. Kelleman, Kenneth G. Kupke, Sharon C. Quary, Lazaros K. Kochilas, Matthew E. Oster
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4065 | April 24, 2018

Neighborhood Child Opportunity and Individual-Level Pediatric Acute Care Use and Diagnoses
Ellen E. Kersten, Nancy E. Adler, Laura Gottlieb, Douglas P. Jutte, Sarah Robinson, Katrina Roundfield, Kaja Z. LeWinn
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2309 | April 6, 2018

Uropathogens and Pyuria in Children With Neurogenic Bladders
Catherine S. Forster, Nader Shaikh, Alejandro Hoberman, Elizabeth Jackson
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3006 | April 4, 2018