TABLE 3

Risks of Neonatal Mortality According to Established Breastfeeding Pattern in Singletons Who Initiated Breastfeeding and Survived to Day 2

Established Neonatal Breastfeeding PatternNo. (%) of InfantsNo. of Deaths (% risk)aaOR 1 (95% CI)baOR 2 (95% CI)c
Exclusive7680 (70)84 (1.1)11
Predominant3034 (27)48 (1.6)1.41 (0.97 to 2.03)1.30 (0.90 to 1.87)
Partial233 (2.1)13 (5.6)4.51 (2.38 to 8.55)3.82 (1.99 to 7.34)
Total10 947 (100)145 (1.3)
P LRT < .0001P LRT = .0001
P trend < .0001P trend < .0001
  • Median age of ascertainment of established breastfeeding patterns was 14 days (interquartile age, 7–21 days). LRT indicates likelihood ratio test.

  • a % risk = no. of deaths/no. of infants in exposure category.

  • b Adjusted for gender, birth size, gestational age, presence of a congenital anomaly, health on the day of birth, health at the time of interview, mother's health at the time of delivery, age of mother, parity, educational level of mother, mother having cash income, household water supply, place of defecation, number of antenatal visits, place of birth, and birth attendant.

  • c Adjusted for all factors mentioned previously plus timing of initiation of breastfeeding.