TABLE 1

Characteristics of Study Participants

IBG (n = 115)IFG (n = 81)
Maternal characteristics
    Age, ya26.9 ± 0.525.9 ± 0.2
    Married, %66b36
    Ethnicity, n (%)
        Hispanic2 (2)0
        Non-Hispanic
            White70 (61)38 (47)
            Black41 (36)43 (53)
            Asian2 (2)0
    Low income, n (%)c57 (50)b54 (67)
    Cesarean delivery, n (%)59 (50)51 (63)
    Primigravida, n (%)36 (31)30 (37)
    Education, ya,d13.1 ± 0.2b12.0 ± 0.2
    Previously breastfed, n (%)e26 (26)b9 (12)
Infant characteristics(n = 132)(n = 91)
    Birth weight, ga1143 ± 19.31117 ± 23.5
    Gestational age, wka28.5 ± 0.228.7 ± 0.2
    Female, n (%)70 (53)49 (54)
  • a Values are means ± SEM.

  • b Significantly different, P < .05

  • c Medicaid eligible, no private insurance.

  • d Excluded were 11 mothers in the IBG and 6 mothers in IFG who did not answer this question.

  • e Excluded were 14 mothers in the IBG and 6 mothers in the IFG who did not answer this question.