TABLE 3.

Sources of Lead Exposure and Prevention Strategies59

SourcePrevention Strategy
Environmental
    PaintIdentify and abate
    DustWet mop (assuming abatement)
    SoilRestrict play in area, plant ground cover, wash hands frequently
    Drinking waterFlush cold-water pipes by running the water until it becomes as cold as it will get (a few seconds to 2 minutes or more; use cold water for cooking and drinking
    Folk remediesAvoid use
    Cosmetics containing additives such as kohl or surmaAvoid use
    Old ceramic or pewter cookware, old urns/kettlesAvoid use
    Some imported cosmetics, toys, crayonsAvoid use
    Contaminated mineral supplementsAvoid use
    Parental occupationsRemove work clothing at work; wash work clothes separately
    HobbiesProper use, storage, and ventilation
    Home renovationProper containment, ventilation
    Buying or renting a new homeInquire about lead hazards
    Lead dust in carpetCover or discard
Host
    Hand-to-mouth activity (or pica)Frequent hand washing; minimize food on floor
    Inadequate nutritionAdequate intake of calcium, iron, vitamin C
    Developmental disabilitiesEnrichment programs