TABLE 1.

Baseline Characteristics of Parents, Child Care Directors, and Health Consultants

Characteristic
Parents (N = 138)
    Relationship to child
        Mother, n (%)112 (83)
        Father, n (%)14 (10)
        Other, n (%)9 (7)
    Age, y
        <20, n (%)8 (6)
        21–30, n (%)43 (31)
        31–40, n (%)56 (41)
        >40, n (%)30 (23)
    Race/ethnicity
        White, n (%)46 (34)
        Black, n (%)61 (45)
        Hispanic, n (%)23 (17)
        Other, n (%)6 (4)
    Education
        Eighth grade or less/some high school, n (%)7 (5)
        High school grad/GED, n (%)28 (21)
        Vocational/technical school, n (%)6 (4)
        Some college, n (%)48 (35)
        College graduate, n (%)27 (20)
        Postgraduate, n (%)21 (15)
    Household income
        <$15 000, n (%)21 (16)
        $15 000–$35 000, n (%)56 (42)
        $36 000–$55 000, n (%)15 (12)
        $56 000–$75 000, n (%)9 (7)
        ≥$76 000, n (%)30 (23)
    People living in household (including children)
        ≤2, n (%)27 (20)
        3, n (%)47 (34)
        4, n (%)33 (24)
        ≥5, n (%)30 (22)
    Adults working outside the home
        1, n (%)74 (54)
        2, n (%)52 (38)
        ≥3, n (%)10 (8)
    Ages of children attending child care
        0–12 mo, n (%)10 (7)
        1–2 y, n (%)19 (14)
        2–3 y, n (%)37 (27)
        3–4 y, n (%)46 (34)
        4–6 y, n (%)45 (34)
Child care director (N = 97)
    Programs offered
        Infant (0–15 mo), n (%)47 (48)
        Toddler (16 mo–2 y 9 mo), n (%)66 (68)
        Preschool (2 y 10 mo–5 y 11 mo), n (%)87 (90)
        Kindergarten, n (%)33 (34)
        Before- and after-school care, n (%)24 (25)
    Type of center
        Nonprofit, n (%)72 (78)
        For-profit, n (%)20 (22)
    Racial breakdown of centers
        Caucasian/white (non-Hispanic), (%)32
        Black/African American, (%)36
        Hispanic, (%)20
        Asian/Pacific Islander, (%)7
        Other (specify), (%)5
    Accredited by the National Association for the Education of Young Children
        Yes, n (%)33 (36)
        No, n (%)60 (64)
    Gender
        Male, n (%)4 (4)
        Female, n (%)93 (96)
    Age, y
        20–30, n (%)10 (11)
        31–40, n (%)22 (23)
        41–50, n (%)25 (27)
        >50, n (%)37 (39)
    Years as director of program7.3
    Years as early childhood professional17.5
Child care health consultant (N = 56)
    Profession
        Nurse, n (%)16 (29)
        NP, n (%)10 (18)
        Pediatrician, n (%)24 (43)
        Family physician/general practitioner, n (%)2 (3)
        Other, n (%)4 (7)
    Primary place of work
        Medical office or clinic, n (%)16 (29)
        Hospital, n (%)12 (21)
        Community health center, n (%)16 (29)
        School or early childhood facility, n (%)10 (18)
        Other, n (%)2 (3)
    Gender
        Female, n (%)36 (64)
        Male, n (%)20 (36)
    Do you have children?
        Yes, in child care, n (%)31 (59)
        Yes, not in child care, n (%)16 (30)
        No6 (11)
    Average years after obtaining health professional degree21.2