TABLE 1

Patient Characteristic Comparisons in Fontan Patients With and Without Complications

Overall (n = 671)PLE or PBP value
None (n = 556)PLE (n = 76)PB (n = 46)Both (n = 7)
Respondent0.058
 Parent, (%)637 (95)529 (95)69 (91)46 (100)7 (100)
 Patient, (%)34 (5)27 (5)7 (9)00
Male gender, (%)421 (63)353 (63)45 (59)27 (59)4 (57)0.40
Age at survey (y), median (IQR)7 (5–12)7 (5–11)11 (7–17.5)7.5 (6–12)11 (7–13)<0.0001
Age at Fontan (y), mean ± SD3.3 ± 2.23.4 ± 2.23.1 ± 1.82.9 ± 1.42.7 ± 1.30.15
Time since Fontan (y), median (IQR)4 (2–9)4 (1–8)8 (4–13)4.5 (3–9)8 (4–10)<0.0001
Other surgeriesa,b<0.0001
 Norwood, (%)319 (48)252 (45)45 (59)26 (57)4 (57)
 BT shunt, (%)291 (43)248 (45)23 (30)21 (46)1 (14)
 Glenn, (%)515 (77)437 (79)50 (66)33 (72)5 (71)
 Hemifontan, (%)114 (17)84 (15)20 (26)12 (26)2 (29)
 PA banding, (%)81 (12)67 (12)11 (14)3 (7)0
 Diaphragm plication, (%)30 (4)17 (3)9 (12)6 (13)2 (29)
 Other major intracardiac/great vessel procedure, (%)43 (6)26 (5)13 (17)6 (13)2 (29)
Heart disease etiology0.002
 Hypoplastic left ventricle, (%)311 (46)244 (44)47 (62)25 (54)5 (71)
 Hypoplastic right ventricle, (%)244 (36)219 (39)15 (20)11 (24)1 (14)
 Nonspecific single ventricle, (%)116 (17)93 (17)14 (18)10 (22)1 (14)
  • All values represent N (%) unless otherwise specified; column percentages reported. P values from 2-group comparison between “none” (no complication) and “PLE, PB, or both” (any complication).

  • a Categories are not mutually exclusive.