TABLE 3.

Comparison of Differences in Rates of Access, Use, Unmet Need, and Continuity by Race/Ethnicity

Black Minus WhiteHispanic Minus White
Unadjusted, % *Adjusted, % Unadjusted, % *Adjusted, %
Before SCHIP
    Had USC−8.9 §−6.2 −14.3 §−7.5
    Used preventive care4.111.1 1.011.7
    Any unmet need for care10.3 17.1 §2.012.3
    All/most visits were to USC−7.31.5−27.4 §−2.5
During SCHIP
    Had USC−3.3 −2.2−0.51.8
    Used preventive care1.48.5−7.82.3
    Any unmet need for care−0.92.5−1.25.4
    All/most visits were to USC−1.3−2.44.63.9
  • * Unadjusted differences were calculated by using percentage values shown for each race group in Table 2; eg, for “had USC before SCHIP,” white = 94.8% and black = 85.9%. Thus, black minus white (85.8% − 94.8%) = −8.9% as shown at the far left of top row. Remaining unadjusted differences were calculated in the same manner and then compared with the adjusted differences (shown only in this table).

  • Controls for sociodemographic and health system factors include region, child age at enrollment, single-parent household, household size, income > 160% of FPL, parent's highest grade completed, parent's maximum employment status, respondent born outside United States, type of last insurance, had USC, type of USC place, and changed USC at SCHIP enrollment.

  • § P ≤ .001.

  • P ≤ .05.