TABLE 5

Cross-Sectional Descriptive Statistics of Depressive Symptoms Scores at Entrance into Fatherhood (Year 0) by Fatherhood Status and Race

Mean (SE)SDMinimumMaximumPa
Nonfathers<.001
 White−0.05 (0.02)0.98−1.465.62
 Black0.06 (0.04)1.01−1.464.56
 Hispanic−0.02 (0.04)1.01−1.465.38
 Asian0.12 (0.05)0.96−1.465.62
 Other0.05 (0.08)1.06−1.465.62
Nonresident fathers.65
 White0.29 (0.10)1.20−1.465.62
 Black0.30 (0.09)1.10−1.464.81
 Hispanic0.20 (0.13)1.03−1.463.53
 Asian0.11 (0.31)0.91−1.271.85
 Other0.57 (0.21)0.89−1.262.78
Resident fathers<.001
 White−0.19 (0.02)0.93−1.464.91
 Black0.16 (0.06)1.02−1.464.91
 Hispanic−0.06 (0.05)0.96−1.463.80
 Asian0.21 (0.12)0.94−1.465.37
 Other−0.07 (0.11)1.07−1.463.73
  • a P values from F tests reported.