TABLE 1.

Definitions of Hospital-Based Newborn Services Used for Survey Performed by Section on Perinatal Pediatrics

Basic neonatal care (level I)
    Well-newborn nursery
    Evaluation and postnatal care of healthy newborns
    Neonatal resuscitation
    Stabilization of ill newborns until transfer to a facility at which specialty neonatal care is provided
Specialty neonatal care (level II)
    Special care nursery
    Care of preterm infants with birth weight ≥1500 g
    Resuscitation and stabilization of preterm and/or ill infants before transfer to a facility at which newborn intensive care is provided
Subspecialty neonatal intensive care (level III)
    Level IIIA
        Hospital or state-mandated restriction on type and/or duration of mechanical ventilation
    Level IIIB
        No restrictions on type or duration of mechanical ventilation
        No major surgery
    Level IIIC
        Major surgery performed on site (eg, omphalocele repair, tracheoesophageal fistula or esophageal atresia repair, bowel resection, myelomeningocele repair, ventriculoperitoneal shunt)
        No surgical repair of serious congenital heart anomalies that require cardiopulmonary bypass and /or ECMO for medical conditions
    Level IIID
        Major surgery, surgical repair of serious congenital heart anomalies that require cardiopulmonary bypass, and/or ECMO for medical conditions