TABLE 3

Summary of Adjusted Incremental Lifetime Direct Medical Cost Estimates From the Perspective of a 10-y-Old Child With Obesity Relative to a 10-y-Old Child With Normal Weight, in 2012 US Dollars

CharacteristicTucker et al 200637Trasande 201040Thompson et al 199936Wang et al 201039Finkelstein et al 200838Ma and Frick 201141,a
Study accounted for wt gain among normal wt childrenYesYesNoNoNoNo
Gender
 Male$10 840$19 650$16 210$19 300$16 420 ($11 190, $21 660)b$33 590
 Female$14 490$19 620$16 410$18 950$22 290 ($17 350, $27 200)b$44 570
Race or ethnicity
 White
  Male$11 150$17 050 ($12 240, $21 900)b$38 680 ($34 190)c
  Female$14 440$24 280 ($19 210, $29 320)b$49 230 ($44 780)c
 Black or African American
  Male$9640$14 020 ($7240, $20 750)b$30 830 ($26 670)c
  Female$14 670$14 730 ($10 310, $19 170)b$44 490 ($40 480)c
 Hispanic
  Male$27 390 ($22 380)c
  Female$36 760 ($32 840)c
Overall$12 660$19 630$16 310$19 120$19 350 ($14 270, $24 430)b$39 080d
  • a Original estimates from this study were inflated by 4 y because their estimates began at age 6.

  • b The 95% confidence intervals are presented in parentheses.

  • c Estimates for smokers are presented in parentheses.

  • d This estimate is for smokers and nonsmokers combined.