TABLE 2.

Characteristics of Women in Cocaine-Exposed and Comparison Groups

Cocaine-Exposed (n = 241)Non-Cocaine-Exposed (n = 410)
Maternal age, y29.5 ± 4.925.7 ± 5.7*
Prepregnancy weight, lb137.8 ± 31.7155.4 ± 42.4*
Parity, no.3 ± 22 ± 2*
Socioeconomic status27 ± 1029 ± 11*
Gestational age, wk38 ± 239 ± 2*
Black race, %7876
White race, %1415
More than high school education, %1723*
Sexually transmitted disease, %3521*
Hospitalized, %1818
Hypertension/preeclampsia, %35
Diabetes mellitus, %12
Other infections, %3633
Abruptio placenta, %42
  • * P < .05.

  • Socioeconomic status was measured with the Hollingshead index.

  • Including self-reports of any known sexually transmitted diseases, active genital herpetic lesions, syphilis, and gonorrhea.