TABLE 3.

Psychological Health and Social Support Variables

CG StudyPopulation Study (NLSCY or NPHS)Comparison
Support, mean score (SD)
    Social support*14.5 (3.4)14.3 (2.7)t = 1.3, NS
    Family functioning*8.6 (5.6)9.0 (4.9)t = −1.6, NS
    Frequency of contacts4.5 (0.7)4.2 (0.9)t = 7.7, P < .001
Psychological health
    Distress, mean score (SD)4.7 (4.4)2.2 (2.7)t = 18.3, P < .001
    Chronicity of distress,     mean score (SD)5.5 (1.4)5.2 (1.1)t = −6.1, P < .001
    Emotional problems,     % yes (SE)25.3 (2.0)13.7 (0.5)χ2(1) = 44.6, P < .001
    Problems of cognition,      % yes (SE)38.8 (2.3)14.3 (0.6)χ2(1) = 178.3, P < .001
  • NS indicates not significant.

  • * Data from the NLSCY.

  • Data from the NPHS.