TABLE 4.

Outcome Data in 18 Children With Functional Constipation and Encopresis

Initial (n = 18)Placebo (n = 18)Fiber (n = 18)
Frequency of BMs/wk2.7 ± 1.43.5 ± 1.64.3 ± 1.2
Children with <3 BMs/wk56%44%11%
Stool consistency0.4 ± 1.11.4 ± 0.91.4 ± 0.8
Presence of abdominal pain50%33%11%
Children on laxatives78%78%78%
Children with encopresis100%83%72%
Frequency of soiling episodes/wk9.9 ± 12.34.2 ± 4.84.0 ± 6.3
Daytime wetting17%17%17%
Nighttime wetting28%28%28%
Successful treatment*0%6%28%
Improved (parents’ rating)0%6%78%
  • * Successful treatment was rated by the physician and was defined as ≥3 BMs/wk and ≤1 soiling episode/3 wk with no abdominal pain.

  • P < .05 as compared with initial data.

  • P < .05 as compared with placebo treatment.