TABLE 4

Characteristics and Exposures Among Interviewed Pediatric CA CDI cases With Diarrhea at Time of C difficile–Positive Stool Collection

Variablen (%)
Antibiotics during 12 weeks before C difficile–positive stool collection61 (73)
 Reasons for antimicrobial therapy
  Ear, sinus, upper respiratory infections51 (84)
  Bronchitis/pneumonia11 (18)
  Urinary tract infections4 (7)
  Skin infections3 (5)
  Dental cleaning/surgery1 (2)
 Class of antibiotics used
  Penicillins27 (44)
  Cephalosporins24 (39)
  β-Lactams with increased activity16 (26)
  Macrolides5 (8)
  Clindamycin2 (3)
  Fluoroquinolones1 (2)
Proton pump inhibitor7 (8)
Histamine2-receptor blocker1 (1)
Outpatient health care exposure during 12 weeks before C difficile–positive stool collection73 (87)
 Doctor’s office71 (97)
 Dentist’s office23 (32)
 Outpatient clinic at a hospital9 (12)
 Emergency department4 (5)
Household member had diarrhea during 12 weeks before case’s C difficile–positive stool collection19 (23)
 Household member’s diarrhea diagnosed as C difficile3 (16)
Household member works in health care facility14 (17)
Have household members aged 0–11 months12 (14)
  • N = 84.