TABLE 1.

Demographics of Parent and Study Populations

LocationPopulationRace (%)Household Income*
CaucasianAfrican AmericanOther or Unreported
Cleveland city478 40342517$17 822
East Cleveland city27 2175932$16 378
Urban group317266410$25 000–$34 999
Concord Township15 2829811$47 788
Madison Township18 428980.41$32 137
Rural group3119415$45 000–$54 999
  • * City/township figures based on the Census Bureau’s median versus study group mode.