TABLE 1.

Retropharyngeal Cellulitis and Abscess in Infants Younger Than 3 Months

Age at OnsetPredisposing FactorsOrganisms Isolated and Source of IsolateReference Number
        9 dNoneGroup B Streptococcus from blood and aspirate10
    18 dNoneGroup B Streptococcus from blood10
        5 dNoneEscherichia coli from aspirate11
        2 wkNoneEnterococcus faecalis and coagulase-negative Staphylococcus from aspirate11
        1 dEndotracheally intubatedEscherichia coli from blood12
    10 dNoneStaphylococcus aureus from blood and aspirate13
    22 dNasopharyngeal continuous positive airway pressureBlood and aspirate cultures negative (cultures were taken while the infant was on antibiotics)14
        3 dNoneGroup D Enterococcus from blood and gamma Streptococcus and Escherichia coli from aspirate15
        2 moEndotracheally intubatedStaphylococcus aureus from aspirate16
NeonateEndotracheally intubatedEscherichia coli from blood and aspirate17
NeonateEndotracheally intubatedNo cultures reported17
        6 dNoneStaphylococcus aureus from aspirate18