TABLE 4.

Mean Costs per Episode of Illness in a Specialized Preschool*

IllnessCost (1999 US Dollars)
Respiratory$76
 Common cold$24
 Pharyngitis$159
 Bronchitis$179
 Croup$291
 Bronchiolitis$624
 Pneumonia$693
Gastrointestinal$459
Otitis media$301
Sinusitis$301
  • * Mean costs include both direct medical costs and indirect costs associated with lost parental working time.

  • Distribution of respiratory illness: common cold (86%), pharyngitis (3%), bronchitis (3%), croup (2%), bronchiolitis (3%), and pneumonia (3%).