Table 4.

Group Differences on Anthropometric Variables at the Onset of Walking for the Experimental Group*

Anthropometric
Variables
Experimental Group
(n = 15)
Control Group
(n = 15)
P Value Effect Size
Crown heel length (cm)78.12 (3.43)78.69 (2.80) .62 0.18
Weight (lbs)22.20 (2.32) 22.26 (2.88) .95 0.02
Thigh length (cm) 14.54 (1.36) 14.80 (1.63) .64 0.17
Calf length (cm) 14.77 (.84) 14.23 (.71) .07 0.69
Foot width (cm) 4.98 (.31) 4.86 (.26) .25 0.43
Foot length (cm) 11.42 (.58) 11.35 (.55) .75 0.12
Thigh circumference (cm) 25.87 (1.98) 26.11 (2.52).77 0.11
Calf circumference (cm) 17.89 (.98)17.73 (1.30) .71 0.14
Umbilicus skinfold (mm)6.73 (1.71) 6.90 (2.41) .83 0.08
Thigh skinfold (mm) 10.80 (2.23) 11.73 (3.07) .35 0.35
Calf skinfold (mm) 12.67 (2.08) 13.47 (2.67) .370.34
  • *  At the time infants in the experimental group began to walk independently they were matched with infants in the control group on chronological age to make group comparisons on each anthropometric variable.

  •  Mean (standard deviation).